21-09-2023 5.899 Views

The name of Bali alone is and always will be synonymous with tropical paradise, and this reputation is not usurped: dream landscapes, immense beaches of fine sand, temples with refined decor in lush landscapes, rice terraces whose setting comes alive with a new light at every moment of the day, sumptuous sunsets… The amazing volcanic landscape of Lake Batur, the barong shows, the traditional shadow theatre will also count among the thousand wonders that Bali will reserve for you, not to mention the extreme kindness of an affable and smiling population that remains deeply attached to this ancestral culture that also helped Bali earn the name of «island of the gods».

Indonesia is an archipelago, bathed by the Indian Ocean to the south, the China Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the west. This archipelago is made up of over 17,000 islands, of which 3,000 are inhabited. The main islands are Java, Sumatra, Borneo (or Kalimantan), Celebes (or Sulawesi), Moluccas, Timor and Irian Jaya (western part of the island of New Guinea). The island of Bali is located between the islands of Java and Lombok, it is part of the small islands of the Sonde. The island is surrounded by coral reefs, and the beaches of the south have white sand, while those of the north and east have black sand.

The Central Bali Mountain Range includes several peaks over 2,000 metres high. The highest is the Agung (3,142 m), an active volcano called the “mother mountain”. The chain rises from the center to the east, with the Agung dominating to the far east. The volcanic nature of Bali contributes to its exceptional fertility and its high mountain ranges cause heavy rainfall promoting high production in the agricultural sector. The vast area descending on the south side of the mountains is devoted to rice cultivation. The slopes on the north side descend more strongly towards the sea. It is the main coffee production sector on the island where vegetables and livestock can also be found.

Bali is home to many bird species, including the Bali starling, which is the only endemic bird on the island (now extremely rare and in danger of extinction), while the crabber macaques populate the forests and frequent the roads and temples.

The western Bali National Park is a nature reserve located, as its name suggests, in the west of the island. This nature reserve is a refuge for wildlife such as sambar. The vegetation is very diverse: mangroves bordering the north coast, fertile meadows, savannah on the northern slopes of the mountain range, or rainforest. The park includes the small island of Menjangan whose coasts are home to a rich marine fauna.

The Balinese language is part of the so-called "bali-sasak" group of the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages. As elsewhere in Indonesia, Indonesian, the national language, is only a second language for the majority of Balinese. Due to the importance of tourism in the island, English is spoken in the touristic places of the island.

Have a nice trip to Bali !

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