Yunnan
Yunnan

Description Yunnan

26-09-2019 1.581 Views
DISCOVER YUNNAN!
 
Yunnan, located in the extreme south-west of China, is a province known as the most beautiful in the country. It is bordered by the borders of Tibet, Laos, Vietnam, as well as Burma. Its proximity to all these countries gives it a remarkable identity and a flawless authenticity, and allows it to distinguish itself from the other provinces of China. Yunnan offers many surprises, including its ethnic minorities, authentic villages, numerous temples and lush nature. With tropical forests in the south of the province and Tibetan peaks in the north, Yunnan is undoubtedly one of the most varied and wonderful regions of China, and promises you a stay rich in nature and culture, which will make your experience unforgettable.
 
The region is mostly mountainous; the highest point in Yunnan is at 6,740 m, with Mount Kawagebo in the northwestern part of the province. The average altitude is 1,982 m above sea level, so your trip will mostly take place in the mountains, surrounded by nature, in a region rich in flora and fauna.
 
Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, is completely different from major Chinese cities, such as Beijing or Shanghai: it is a true metropolis mixing modernity and respect for tradition. In the city center you will find old neighborhoods dating from the nineteenth century, traditional wooden houses; all this forms a certain image of China, which can not be found anywhere else.
 
Nice trip in Yunnan !
 
 

Great tour

The most you visit, the less you get regrets
Visit of several temples, discovery of many small villages, meeting with the inhabitants of different villages, discovery of the Lion hill, discovery of the Tiger Leaping Gorges, visit of the Stone forest, hiking through terraced ricefields.
  • Yunnan
  • 11 Days 10 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

FROM KUNMING TO HEKOU

The beauty of nature, shaped by the hand of Man!
Visit of the oldest buddhist monastery of Kunming, discovery of the “Yunnan Dynamic” show, discovery of the Stone forest, visit of the Confucius temple, sunset on the terraced ricefields, visit of minority markets.
  • Yunnan
  • 5 Days 4 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

Overall Yunnan

Visit everything to return without regret!
Visit of many villages, meeting with the inhabitants, visit of different temples, cruise on Erhai lake, traditional fishing party, “Yunnan Dynamic” singing and dancing shows.
  • Yunnan
  • 12 Days 11 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

ADVENTUROUS NORTH

Visit of several temples, visit of the morning market of Xizhou, discovery of the mountains of Shibaoshan, discovery of many small villages, hiking, meeting with a Tibetan family.
  • Yunnan
  • 9 Days 8 Nights
  • Adventure

CLASSICAL NORTH

Do not miss the city of Shangri La!
Visit of the Western mountains, Yunnan minority singing and dancing shows, visit of several small villages, traditional fishing party, meeting with a family of Naxi minorities.
  • Yunnan
  • 9 Days 8 Nights
  • Classic & cultural
Culture
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POPULATION
  • Yunnan is probably the Chinese province with the greatest cultural diversity. In fact, in addition to the dominant Han (Chinese) ethnic group, the authorities have 27 different ethnic minorities (about 8% of the population), most of them attached to bordering countries. Sometimes, minorities are extremely isolated in the countryside and have very special characteristics, such as the Naxi who are a population of about 320,000 people and who have their own language and have their own writing before. Or the Musuo (80,000 people), whose social structure is still matriarchal today.
  • Namely, when Tibet was annexed to the Republic of China, a large part of Tibetan plateaus was attached to Yunnan, with a population of 120,000 more Tibetans.
RELIGION
  • Regarding beliefs, all major religions are represented in China and Yunnan: Taoism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity, but also animism.
FOOD
  • Chinese cuisine is highly appreciated by foreign gourmets. You will not stop feasting during your trip to Yunnan. Note that the cuisine of Yunnan is very varied, due to the fact that the province has the most different ethnic cultures and therefore a great diversity in terms of gastronomic culture. You will find, depending on the different peoples, specialties of their own, for example: the specialty of fish Dai with lemongrass, which is found very frequently in the Xishuangbanna (and Vietnam); glutinous rice with flowers, which is a specialty much appreciated by the Zhuang people; Dali papaya water Bai or rushan cheese.
  • In China, breakfast is a real meal of rice porridge, with crumbs of meat, salted vegetables and dried fish; Do not be surprised if you are offered this dish for breakfast. Generally, the lunch is from 11:30 and for dinner, the Chinese eat early, around 18h ​​/ 18h30. If you like the night life, you will be disappointed because the Chinese are early birds (except in the big cities where you will find lively neighborhoods in the evening).
  • The dishes are not too spicy and have an excellent flavor. You will discover the "noodles that pass the bridge" which is the best-known specialty in Yunnan (this dish is composed of a broth, various meats, noodles and a special seasoning). Two products are very famous in the province: the pu-erh tea, which is traditionally grown in Ning'er, and the Xuanwei ham, which is used in simmering to flavor braised dishes of Chinese cuisine and which is the basis of many broths. Finally, it would be inconceivable not to taste the rice cooked in a bamboo during your trip. There are two types, common bamboo rice and fragrant bamboo glutinous rice.

 
 
Before leaving
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CHANGE
  • NATIONAL CURRENCY: RenMinBi (CNY), also called yuan or kuai.
  • The EUR / CNY exchange can be done directly in international airports as well as in the main branches of the Bank of China, or in some large hotels, a commission will be expected.
  • Today, euros and dollars are accepted in the majority of banks, attention all the same the week-end it remains difficult to change euros, so plan well dollars which are them accepted 7d / 7.
  • We advise you to always have cash on you in the local currency because the credit card is only rarely accepted.
  • The current exchange rate is 1 CNY = 0.13 EUR
PHONE
  • To call China from France, dial 00 86 + city code (without the 0) + number of the correspondent.
  • To call France from China, dial 00 33 + number of the correspondent (without the 0).
INTERNET
  • You'll find an internet connection quite easily in the cybercafés of the big cities of Yunnan, but these are often quite noisy because most of the customers play in a network. Connecting to the Internet varies from one cybercafe to another and can cost you around 2 yuan / hour. You can also access the internet in some restaurants, airports, and some big shops.
  • In contrast, in the countryside, the connection is more restricted, but almost all hotels have their own Internet connection, so it is always possible to stay connected during your trip.
  • Be sure to disable your "Cellular Data Abroad" to avoid the bad surprise of the bill when you return to France.
  • If you want to stay connected, you can also buy a prepaid local sim card and buy one of the packages offered by many operators (China Mobile or China Unicom), be careful anyway because you will not be able to receive your messages and calls on your number usual.
BANKS
  • Regarding withdrawals in vending machines, it is still very difficult today to find in major cities, however you can directly go to the bank counters to withdraw; You will be asked to present your credit card as well as your passport.
  • ATMs are growing in Yunnan, but withdrawals with CB are only possible in Kunming, Dali, Lijiang, Jinghong or Jianshui.
THE WATER
  • Once you are in the Chinese territory, pay close attention to the water you drink. Indeed, running water is not drinkable, so never use tap water; Always drink bottled water and check that it is properly capped. It is necessary to be vigilant also with ice cubes, consume exclusively cubic ice cubes or with a cylindrical hole form in the middle.
TRANSPORT ON SITE
  • Once there, you will have the choice to take different modes of transport:
  • The car: All the vehicles used for our tours are modern and air-conditioned vehicles, which range from the classic car to the bus for 45 people. Express lanes exist today, connecting Kunming to Dali and Lijiang, as well as Baoshan and Jinghong south.
  • The planes: To know that in China, airport taxes are not included in the price of the plane ticket. Before flying to China, you will be asked to have cash to pay at the Airport Construction Fee counter before check-in (price to be paid: 50 yuan for domestic flights, 90 yuan for international flights).
  • The train: There is a night train that goes from Kunming to Dali, but with the exception of this train, the rail links within the province are still very limited.
A FEW USEFUL VOCABULARY WORDS
  • Hello: Ni hao
  • Goodbye: Zai jian
  • Please: Qing wen
  • Thanks: Xie xie
  • Excuse me: Dui bu qi
  • I did not understand: Wo bu dong le
  • How much does it cost ? : Duoshao qian?
  • I want to buy ...: Wo xiang mai ...
  • Yes / No: Shi / Bushi

 
On the spot
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PASSPORT & VISA
  • In order to enter the People's Republic of China, you must be provided with a valid passport, valid for at least 6 months after your return date.
  • A visa is required to travel to Yunnan. For French nationals, it is a tourist visa of 30 days maximum. For other nationalities, inquire at the embassy or consulate.
  • To obtain the Chinese visa, you will need to provide:
  • A passport with a minimum validity of 6 months after the end of stay, containing at least two blank free pages side by side for affixing the visa.
  • An identity photo size 4.8 x 3.3 cm (on a plain background)
  • The official visa application form of the Chinese Embassy, ​​completed and signed
  • A round trip ticket reservation
  • Other documents may be requested in addition depending on the type of visa (reservation of your hotel, a certificate of insurance, a tax notice dated date of the applicant ...)
  • Once the visa issued, it has a duration of 3 months, the traveler therefore has this period to enter the Chinese territory.
  • For information, if you wish to continue your trip in other Asian countries, several consulates located in Kunming can issue you the necessary visas.
  • Before leaving, we advise you to photocopy all important documents (passport, electronic equipment invoices, insurance policy, plane tickets, driving license ...). A handy tip if you lose your papers or valuables.
HEALTH and VACCINES
  • No vaccinations are required to go to Yunnan, however, we recommend you to be up to date in all your classic vaccinations (diphtheria, tetanus, typhoid, poliomyelitis, meningitis, typhoid, hepatitis A and B).
  • Some people recommend getting vaccinated against hepatitis A and B, as well as being vaccinated against rabies. Make an appointment with a vaccination center to get their opinion.
  • Do not hesitate to provide a small pharmacy kit with some basic products, this will be very useful in case of first aid (antiseptics, anti-mosquito, anti-diarrhea)
  • For any further information, do not hesitate to visit your doctor before departure.
CLIMATE
  • The province of Yunnan has the particularity of grouping all types of climate thanks to its topography. It is therefore a province that can be visited the twelve months of the year.
  • Depending on the region, you will find a climatic variation.
  • The South, especially Xishuangbanna, is a hot and humid region where there are two seasons: the dry season from October to May, and the monsoon season from June to September.
  • From Kunming to Lijiang, the climate is dry and it is an ideal area to visit throughout the year. Temperatures are generally between 4 ° C in winter and 25 ° C in summer.
  • With regard to the northern temperatures, the Shangri-la region, they can be very low in the mountains in winter, down to -12 ° C (from December to February) and can go up to 20 ° C during the summer (from June to August). Note that the differences in temperature between day and night are important, so plan warm clothes and adequate for your evenings and nights.
  • You will understand, remember to bring warm sweaters and clothes for the winter, and hat and sunscreen from the month of March.
  • Prefer spring and autumn to go to Yunnan, these are the best times as you will escape the cold of winter and the summer rains. For information, in early May and throughout October are national holiday periods in China, many Chinese travelers take advantage of this period to travel to Yunnan, hotel rates and transportation are higher than the rest of year.
INSURANCE
 
All travelers are required to take out an insurance policy for their trip before participating in our tours. This insurance will cover you in case of cancellation of your trip, your flight, and theft or loss of your luggage, diseases or accidents.
 
MONEY
 
Be sure to ask your bank about the use of your credit card and the fees for using it. Travel options exist, so consider traveling at no extra cost.
 
ADAPTER
 
The Chinese power grid is the same as in France, 220 volts, but you will still need to provide a universal adapter because the plugs are flat plugs.
  
 
 
Attractions
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Far from the splendor of the Middle Kingdom, there is another China, a China full of charm and exoticism, with tropical accents, that of the mountains and high hills of Yunnan. While the influence of the mandarins was felt, which have left temples, pagodas and rich homes, but the originality of Yunnan lies above all in the fertile mixture of cultures of Tibetan and Mongol origin to that local ethnic groups - Baisha, Dongba, Yi and Hani - without forgetting the influences of neighboring countries, Vietnam, Laos and Burma. An original culture that is also part of grandiose landscapes due to the patient toil of the man like Yuanyang's terraced rivers, the terrible forces of nature like the Tiger Gorge or the subtle alliance of the Art of man and the generosity of nature like Lake Erhai ... A trip that will remain an unforgettable experience!
 
THE ATTRACTIONS
  1. Yunnan Center
  2. Northwest Yunnan
  3. Southeast Yunnan
  4. West Yunnan
  5. Southwest Yunnan
CENTER OF YUNNAN
 
Kunming
 
Kunming, originally named Yunnanfu, is located in the center of the Yunnan Plateau at 1800 m altitude. It is the most direct gateway to southwest China. Nicknamed the "City of Eternal Spring" because of the mildness of its climate, it is a modern city, spread out over a wide plain, near Lake Dian. Some beautiful typical streets remain, and do not miss to visit the Golden Temple, the Bamboo Temple and the mountains of the West which are the most charming places in the immediate vicinity of the city!
 

The foundation of this city dates from the time of the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). Kunming did not become a city until the 13th century. The city of Tuodong was renamed Kunming under the Yuan Dynasty in 1276.
 
During the Second World War, Kunming was the combined military command center for Southeast Asia, which included the Americans, the British, the Chinese and the French. From Hanoi to Kunming, the French Yunnan Railway still exists and still allows to go down to the south of Vietnam; this path was able to supply nationalist China at the time.

Originally founded in the Tang Dynasty, Yuantong Temple (or "Temple of Understanding All Things") is one of the oldest Buddhist temples in Kunming City. The name of the temple, Yuantong, comes from one of the 32 names of Guanyin, the goddess of Compassion. We enter this temple by a portico guarded by two ferocious marble lions. On the door are painted the 4 Chinese characters meaning "holy place of the understanding of all things". Inside, this temple is made up of different monastic buildings and pavilions arranged in square. Among them, the main pavilion, Daxiong Baodian, whose beams and pillars are beautifully decorated as well as the doors of the temple which are adorned with splendid calligraphy. This pavilion houses magnificent Buddha statues of the Ming Dynasty. There is also the Tongfo Dian Pavilion, donated by the Thai government and containing a bronze Sakayamuni statue. In the center of this monastic complex is a pool of water, on which stands in the center an octagonal pavilion dedicated to the goddess Guanyin, a statue of which is preserved inside. 

Emerald Lake Park is located in the heart of Kunming City, capital of Yunnan Province. It is a nice place for the walk. It is frequented in the early hours of sunrise by many local people come daily to practice tai chi, play traditional musical instruments such as erhu or meet to share a game of mahjong or game. go. In the park are many small colorful pagodas, under which you can rest while enjoying the view of the emerald lake covered with lotus flowers. Nothing like a pedal boat ride on the lake to enjoy the tranquility of the place!
 
 NORTHWEST YUNNAN
 
Dali
 
In northwestern Yunnan Province, the Dali Bai Local Minority Prefecture is at the crossroads of road networks to Burma (Myanmar) and Tibet, between the cities of Kunming and Lijiang.
The famous Cangshan Mountain lies to the west, and Erhai Lake to the east of the city. Dali is an essential point for its cultures and natural landscapes in any trip to Yunnan.
The ancient city of Dali is surrounded by square enclosures and four imposing gates coinciding with the four cardinal points. The city is tiled by pedestrian streets lined with many shops of jewels, textiles, tea and handicrafts ...
 

 


Dali is well known for his marble, displayed in paintings in all the shops of the old town. When you stroll through the ancient city of Dali, do not miss the park in downtown paved streets, you will see people playing mahjong or cards. You will also see caged birds on the trees, playing the game of their master by their song. It is better to leave the tourist streets and take small alleys, full of life and surprises!
Marble-based handicrafts: Dali's marble polishing creates veins that resemble waterfalls, mountains or clouds of classical Chinese prints. The marbles of Dali, nicknamed "stones of dream", decorate the furniture of living room and constitute even some walls of big houses.
 
Lijiang
 
Lijiang is located in northwestern Yunnan, between the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, 527 km from Kunming City. To the north is Shangri-la, to the south is Dali, to the west lies the Lisu Autonomous Prefecture of the Nujiang River.
 

Lijiang is a tourist hotspot in China, much appreciated by most foreign travelers. The altitude of Lijiang city center is 2418 m. The ancient city of Lijiang is one of China's four well-preserved ancient cities (the other three former cities are Sichuan Langzhong City, Shanxi Pingyao City, Shexian City of Anhui). In addition, the city was approved as a "World Cultural Heritage" city by UNESCO in 1997.

Lijiang is a multi-ethnic city with 12 ethnic minorities, including Naxi, Bai, Yi and Lisu. The Naxi population represents 60% of the total population.
 
 
The frescoes of Baisha
 
The village of Baisha is located 10km north of Lijiang City; it is an old and pretty village, the first settlement of the Naxi inhabitants, the place of origin of the tribe chief of the Mu clan, and also the first political center of the Naxi minorities.
The Baisha frescoes, which date back to the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, were painted over a period of more than 300 years, until the Qing Dynasty. At that time, the chief of the tribe, Mu Wang, employed some Han painters, Tibetan painters and painters of the Bai ethnic minority, as well as Dongba and Taoist disciples to create and finish these paintings. The frescoes of the monastery of Dabaoji are the essence of Lijiang, they are completely preserved, there are Taoist and Buddhist statues, and also statues of the Tantric Buddha of Lamaism. There are inscriptions in Chinese and in Tibetan language. These painters broke the religious boundaries, and described the social life and production situation of the inhabitants of Naxi realistically.
 
 
The gorges of the tiger jump
 
The 17 km long Tiger Leaping Gorge is one of the most impressive and deepest canyons in the world. This huge canyon, at the bottom of which sneaks the bubbling waters of Jinsha Jiang, is located in Yunnan Province, about 60 kilometers north of Lijiang City.
In some places of the gorges, the width above the precipice is only thirty meters. According to Chinese legend, at the narrowest point of the gorge, a tiger wishing to escape a hunter who pursued him jumped, with a big leap, the 30 meters that separated him from the other shore, hence the name "Tiger Leaping Gorge"!
 

 

You can walk along the whole gorge on foot, via a hiking trail that goes from the city of Quiaotou to that of Daju. You will meet, on the way, inhabitants of the Naxi ethnic group who live in small hamlets scattered along the gorge. On this trail, you will also have the opportunity to discover a rich biodiversity, many waterfalls and splendid views of the gorge. Take the time to admire, in the distance, the snowy peaks of the Haba Mountains and the Jade Dragon Mountain.
However, be careful because gorges become dangerous in July and August because of landslides caused by seasonal rains.
 
 
Shangri-La
 
The Shangri-La Autonomous Prefecture of Diqing is located in northwestern Yunnan, near Sichuan and Tibet, and has three counties, Zhongdian (Shangri-la), Dêqên, and Weixi, under its jurisdiction.
 
The prefecture of Shangri-la has borders with those of Sichuan province, Tibet but also with Burma.
Shangri-La County was renamed Zhongdian until 2001 when, for tourism purposes, it was renamed Shangri-la, a name from James Hilton's famous novel "Horizon Perdu" where Shangri-la is a mythical valley in the depths of Tibet and seat of a society described as perfect by the author.
The area is ideal for hiking enthusiasts who will discover beautiful mountain scenery, the most famous of which are the Meili, Baimang, Haba and Mingyong Glaciers. Nature offers beautiful corners of paradise, such as the Baishuitai terraces or the nature reserves of Napahai and Bitahai, real havens of peace for animals as well as for people from various local ethnic groups such as Tibetan, Naxi, yis and lisus.
In this county, you will discover the folkloric dances and customs of these ethnic minorities, but also handicraft fabrications such as yak woolen clothes.
 



 

In the main cities of Deqin, Weixi, and Zhongdian County Headquarters, there are many sightseeing opportunities such as Tibetan monasteries, parks that house lakes and pagodas, museums on ethnic minorities, local markets and so many others.
Shangri-la County is rich in cultural and natural riches. If you are traveling to Yunnan, it is imperative that you go to Shangri-la!
The Shangri-la Valley National Park is located 110 km northwest of Shangri-la County, and 220 km south of the Daocheng Nature Reserve of Sichuan Province, at an altitude of more than 3,000. m, where the ecological environment is well protected.

 
Xizhou
 
Xizhou is a good place to observe the culture and architecture typical of the Bai minority. A characteristic Bai residence courtyard consists of 3 rooms to the east, north and west and then a decorative wall to the south. These residences usually have carved beams, raised eaves with pretty green, golden, blue and white paintings.
Historically, Xizhou is an essential place for military affairs during the Nanzhao kingdom period. The industrial and commercial side of the city was in full development, and the city was one of Yunnan's most important business centers.
 

 
 

Xizhou is also the city of embroidery and waxing that can be used to decorate shoes, hats, clothing, home textiles and tapestries. Take a tour of the Xizhou market where you will see all kinds of products, from groceries and everyday consumer goods to handmade objects. The most interesting is the fitting of the traditional dress of the women of the Bai minority.
Several Bai festivals are held in Xizhou, almost one per month. One of the most amazing festivals is called the Three Spirits Festival in April. Young people come together to choose their future women. During the festival, the locals perform all kinds of bays dancing dressed in their traditional costumes.

 
Shaxi
 
Shaxi once played an important role as a crossroads on the caravan trail of tea and horses, an important branch of the Silk Road. Just 1000 years ago, this city was to become the dominant node between Tibet and Southwest China. In exchange for Yunnan tea, Tibetans exchanged their famous horses with Song Dynasty officials throughout southern and eastern China to help them defend against invasions from the north. The route of caravans of tea and horses was born, and Shaxi became an important trading center along this road.
 


 

Even if today the exchanges between Tibet and China are no longer made by this route, Shaxi keeps this atmosphere of city trading crossroads. These old cobblestone streets still look like those of 1000 years ago. Minorities in the region, especially the Bai and Yi, still meet every Friday in the center of the village. Descending from the surrounding mountains, they exchange their possessions with other traders or individuals through the old streets of Shaxi.
 

UNESCO has recently ranked Shaxi in the list of the 100 most endangered sites around the world, so that Shaxi has recently seen the funds needed to preserve its cultural and architectural heritage. A boon !

 
SOUTHEAST YUNNAN
 
Shilin (stone forest)
 
The 26,000-hectare Shilin Stone Forest is located about 120 kilometers southeast of Kunming City. Only 80 ha are however accessible to visitors.
These rock needles from 5 to 30 m are a real curiosity of the nature; they are due to erosion by the wind for more than 200 million years. It is a beautiful karst landscape, unique in the region, which is really worth it!
 


 

These limestone peaks, of dissimilar shapes and sizes, have sparked the imagination of local residents of the Sani minority. Thus, one of these peaks would represent Ashima, their national heroine embodying all the virtues of the Sani woman. According to legend, an ogre wanted Ashima to marry her son, but she refused. As a result, the ogre kidnapped her. Ashima's brother came to save her from the claws of the ogre who, to prevent them from fleeing, caused a flood that was deadly for Ashima. The soul of the latter would have taken refuge in the rock that bears since the name of Ashima. Two other peaks would symbolize an old man on a walk and a woman waiting for her husband.
Every year, in July, the Sani gather on this gigantic site to celebrate the Torches Festival, a traditional festival.
Come lose yourself inside this natural labyrinth of lush stones, where you will be welcomed by young girls in costume of the Sani ethnic minority. You can take a route through these peaks and ending in a high pavilion that offers a magnificent panoramic view of the entire forest of stone. Or, you can choose to get off the beaten path to venture into this jungle of stone that maintains a magical atmosphere.
The visit of the stone forest takes 2 to 3 hours. As it is a very famous site in China, there are always many visitors during the day, especially in the afternoon. We advise you to avoid the weekend to get away from crowds of Chinese tourists.

 
Jianshui
 
One of the most beautiful ancient cities in southern Yunnan, Jianshui is located 210 km south of Kunming and roughly halfway between Kunming and Yuanyang. If Jianshui at first glance looks like any other Chinese city that one visits during a trip to China, it does not hide any less treasures, starting with the temple of Confucius, the second largest of China. A stroll in the ancient district of Jianshui will immerse you in the heart of a preserved Chinese village, in the forefront of which is the residence of the family Zhu, beautiful traditional house where we advise you to spend the night. Outside the city is another former home, that of the Zhang family clan, in the pretty village of Tuanshan. All these sites make Jianshui an ideal stopover between Kunming and Yuanyang!

The Confucius Temple of Jianshui is the second largest in China after that of Qufu, the birthplace of Grandmaster Confucius. This temple was built in 1285. After 50 repairs, it covers an area of ​​76,000 m². Having a history of more than 700 years, this temple is very well preserved. His style of construction conforms to that of the Confucius Temple of Qufu in Shandong Province. The north and south axes are symmetrical, the individual buildings are well distributed. It has 37 main buildings. It is grandiose and well structured.

 
Yuanyang
 
Yuanyang's rice terraces extend over a large area south of the Red River in Honghe, Yuanyang, Lvchun and Jinping districts of Yunnan Province. Yuanyang is the largest, with more than 11,300 ha of rice terraces. The whole Yuanyang District is a mountainous region, most of which was exploited in the rice fields by the Hani minorities. The slopes of rice terraces vary from 15 to 75 degrees. A rice field can have up to 3,000 terraces!
The Hani rice terraces in Yuanyang District are made up of three major points: the Bada Point, comprising the villages of Qingkou, Quanfuzhuang, Malizhai and Zhulu, with more than 1,000 ha of rice terraces; the point of the mouth of the Tigris, including the villages of Mengpin, Dongpu, Amengkong and Baoshanzhai, with more than 400 ha of rice terraces; and Duoyishu Point, including the villages of Duoyishu, Aichun and Dawazhe. The vast rice fields with forests, mountains and clouds make up a huge natural painting.
 

In Yuanyang, the Hani minorities live from 1400 to 2000 m altitude in mountains, the climate is quite mild. The Hani's ancestors began clearing wild lands for terraced rice fields more than 1,200 years ago. The Hani minorities built 4,653 irrigation canals, of which 622 can irrigate each more than 3 ha.
In Yuanyang, we transplant in May, we harvest in September, and we water the rice fields from December. So the best season for photographers is from October to March, and especially in February because all the mountains are covered by multicolored flowers (but we must cover ourselves because of the big temperature difference between the morning and the night).

 
WESTERN YUNNAN
 
Baoshan
 
It is a city in western China's Yunnan Province with about 120,000 inhabitants. It is located between the border of Burma and the Mekong River, in a breeding area. Baoshan has a long and rich history. In the past, the city was an important stop on the old southwest silk road.
 
Tengchong
 
Tengchong County is one of the most beautiful in western Yunnan. There are many tours to be done among volcanoes, hot springs, Laifeng Park, Dieshui River, Longtai and Yunfeng Mountains, Tomb of State Funerals, and Heshun Village of Overseas Chinese. It is also an area rich in mineral resources including jade and other precious stones.
Located at the base of Leifeng Mountain, Tengchong County is mainly composed of volcanoes and magmatic soils. There are more than 80 sources of steam, hot water, and hot air, making the county the second largest caloric land in China. The most famous geothermal sites are Ruidian Heat Field, Shiqiang Hot Springs, Liuhuang Pond, and Huanggua and Zaotanghe Springs. They each present different phenomena. There are the sources of carbonic acid and sulfur, surrounded by lush vegetation; sources of sulfuric acid, with no vegetation; sources of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide producing fatal toxic fumes to any wildlife; sources of carbonic acid and sulfur, in turn, are beneficial for health.

 

In Laifeng Park, on the mountain of the same name, one can visit a historical museum, a hall of historical relics and a hall of geomorphology. On the northern slope of Laifeng Mountain is the Tomb of State Funerals where thousands of Chinese soldiers, victims of the Sino-Japanese war, were buried. The Triple Scale of Clouds and the Taoist Temple, located halfway up the Yunfeng Mountain, are also sites not to be missed.

 
SOUTHWEST YUNNAN
 
Simao
 
In southeastern Yunnan, Simao Prefecture is bordering Laos, Vietnam and Burma on 600 km of border. More than 43% of the prefecture is covered with forests with a mild and very rainy climate. There are 10 counties, where 14 ethnic minorities live including Hani, Yi, Dai, Lahu, Wa, Bulang and Yao. Their total population is over one million. Periodic epidemics of malaria took many lives at the beginning of the century, but since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, many anti-malaria campaigns have been conducted, which has greatly reduced the scourge. Now, Simao is a modern city that is commonly called "Little City of Spring", like its big sister, Kunming.
 

Lancanjiang (Mekong), which has its source on the Tibetan Plateau, runs through 6 counties in Simao Prefecture. It also crosses Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Laos, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam, before flowing into the South China Sea. This "Danube of the Orient" is 4,880 km long. The construction of a canal and the port of Simao made it possible to travel on the river to visit Laos, Burma, and Thailand by boat. Simao is 500 km from Kunming. It can be reached by plane, the trip takes 40 minutes, or by bus.

 
Xishuangbanna
 
Located on the border with Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar, the Xishuangbanna region is the most tropical region for any trip to China. With its forests, lush jungle, sugar cane fields, bamboos and pretty minority villages, one could imagine oneself in any country in South East Asia. But it's still China, the Han here account for 30% of the local population. The remaining 70% is made up of the many minorities present, such as the majority Bai, or the Hani, Lahu, Yi, Bulang, Jinuo or Yao. Jinghong is by the most interesting site. On your arrival in the capital of Xishuangbanna, head to the surrounding countryside to discover during a hike or a day exploration of these great minorities, and their beautiful villages and markets!
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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