Myanmar
Myanmar

Description Myanmar

26-09-2019 1.225 Views
Burma, also called Myanmar is a land that still remains secret and mysterious today. Without a doubt Burma is one of the most fascinating countries in Southeast Asia.
 
Myanmar is the largest country in Southeast Asia, bordered by India to the northwest, China to the northeast and Laos and Thailand to the east of the country. This extraordinary country as well by its culture as by its reliefs you reserves many surprises. If you want to travel to Burma, know that there is something for everyone, a cultural or sports circuit, everyone will find his account.
 
Although Burma has been opening its doors for travelers for a few years, it has nevertheless preserved its deep authenticity. In the center of the country, go discover a country rich in culture, history, religion and geography. In fact, you will discover the Bagan pagoda fields, the unmissable city of Mandalay and the great royal cities of Mingun and Sagaing. The west of the country is more reserved for relaxation: white sand beaches, turquoise water, coconut trees and Bay of Bengal. To the south, discover the incredible capital, Rangoon and its extraordinary pagodas, without forgetting to take the road towards the famous Golden Rock that will amaze you.
 
You will also discover markets where the profusion of colors rivals that of the most subtle scents; you will meet a mosaic of ethnic groups with traditions still alive; the wonderful landscapes of Inle Lake are still the setting for a traditional life, between fishing and floating gardens.
 
Do you know that Myanmar has a gargantuan flora? Indeed, the tropical forest still covers nearly 50% of the territory, you will find a large number of plant species but also animal. Irrawaddy's dolphin tells you something, does not it? Discover the country and you will see!
 
Burma is a world out of time, where sincerity, hospitality and kindness punctuate the life of the locals, a universe that will arouse your curiosity and leave you with wonderful memories in mind.
 
Have a good trip to Burma!

EXTENSION TO THE GOLDEN ROCK

The jewel of Burma
Discovery of the four great statues of the Pagoda Kyaikpun (Peyathonzou) Kyaiktiyo Gold Rock discovery Visit to the former Royal Capital Môn Visit to the beautiful Shwemawdaw Pagoda
  • Myanmar
  • 2 Days 1 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

EXTENSION TO BAGO

Discover the former royal capital of Môns
Visit to Hlawga Wildlife Park Discover the 4 great statues of the pagodas Kyaikpun, Shwethalyaung and Shwemawdaw Discovering the lying Buddha Visit of Kyatkatwine Monastery
  • Myanmar
  • 1 Days 0 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

EXTENSION TO THE GOLDEN TRIANGLE

Explore the unknown side of Burma
In the middle of the Golden Triangle, a crossroads of migration from China, South Kengtung, one of the most beautiful towns in Shan state, is the gateway to a region populated by ethnic hill Wa, Akha, Lahu ... This extension including trekking or easy ballades far from the beaten tracks is approachable to every person who can normally move.
  • Myanmar
  • 3 Days 2 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

Extension to Arakan

The different faces of Burma
On the west of Burma, in the province of Arakan, the ruins of the ancient medieval city of Mrauk U, later archeological site and less known than Bagan but which deserves the detour broadly when the season allows it. You can reach it by the river.
  • Myanmar
  • 4 Days 3 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

Extension to Ngapali

Relaxation and bathing
Seeing beautiful beaches in Burma Cycling through beautiful scenery Rest, leisure at ease
  • Myanmar
  • 3 Days 2 Nights
  • Over the water

GOLDEN BURMA

Discover the Burmese treasures
This tour will take you to the most beautiful places of Burma: first in Yangon, the capital of the famous pagodas, then Mandalay, ancient capital with rich cultural heritage. You will also see Mount Popa, an amazing sacred mountain constituting an important pilgrimage site, as well as the wonderful site of Bagan and its thousand and one pagodas. You will then discover the famous eight thousand Buddhas caves of Pindaya, then make an excursion on Inle Lake before returning to Yangon.
  • Myanmar
  • 10 Days 9 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

BURMA AS YOU WISH

Fear ruins pleasure, so let's get rid of it
To discover Burma without having worries. Hotels, transfers and domestic flights booked, you can take your rhythm and have your freedom to explore the land of gold Burmese
  • Myanmar
  • 11 Days 10 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

BURMESE DREAMS

With peace of mind
This trip shows very comprehensive, one by one, witnesses of a long glorious part, strung along the legendary Irrawaddy, before turning to the Inle Lake, in the lush green mountains of the Shan Plateau. A succession of magical moments, illuminated by the golden pagodas and smiling Burmese
  • Myanmar
  • 13 Days 12 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

IN THE MIDDLE OF BURMA

Moments of history
The dazzling golden domes of the pagodas and Pagan temples evoke the rich hours of Burma, a very preserved country. From the Irrawaddy Delta to the shores of Inle Lake, each step is a moment of grace
  • Myanmar
  • 12 Days 11 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

FASCINATING BURMA

And everything is revealed to you
Myanmar formerly known as Burma is one of the few truly original travel experiences remaining in this much-traveled world. Decades of isolation have preserved here many of the traditional features that have been lost in other Asian countries. Fascinating Myanmar is a carefully designed single-country program giving an in depth picture of the wealth of cultural and scenic attractions this country has to offer.
  • Myanmar
  • 20 Days 19 Nights
  • Classic & cultural
Culture
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POPULATION
  • Burmese culture has been influenced by Buddhism as well as the people of Mon. Its culture is very similar to that of its neighboring countries in Southeast Asia.
RELIGION
  • 85% of Burmese are Buddhists. They practice the so-called Theravada School (or "Small Vehicle"), a traditional form of Buddhism corresponding to the first teachings of Buddha Sakyamuni. There are about 250,000 monks in Myanmar.
  • Beyond this traditional Buddhism, many forms of shamanism still exist between jungles and mountains of Burma. The belief in spirits called "Nats" is the most widespread. This animist cult, coming from India, consists in uniting with the spirits of mountains, lakes or forests by sacrifices and offerings.
CUSTOMS
  • Burma has many feasts and sacred places.
  • One of Burmese specialties is traditional dance. Indeed, this tradition occupies an important place in the festivals of Nat. Burmese dances, very typical, are solo dances of women dressed in long colorful dresses and they project in the air with their heels.
  • Also be aware that respect for elders is at the heart of their culture, so be careful of your behavior towards them.
  • Regarding a rule of manners, remember to remove your shoes and socks when you enter a temple or a house.
  • Women must keep some distance with the monks at sacred sites. Moreover, we do not serve the hand of a monk and we must not give food to a monk past noon.
  • To finish the few rules of etiquette, we do not sit back to a Buddha and it is very bad to point his feet in his direction.
THE FOOD 
 
  • Burmese cuisine is a mixture of different cultures: it is inspired by Indian and Chinese cuisine as well as that of its local ethnic groups. This cuisine is based on rice, like many Asian countries, which is accompanied by vegetables, fish, shrimp, poultry or sheep. Often, you will find your dish with a soup.
  • To finish your meal, you will be served in most of the fruit variety and variety, such as: mangoes, papayas, strawberries, pineapple or coconut. A thousand and one flavors that will satisfy your taste buds.
  • Here are some Burmese specialties:
  • Laphet Thoke: This is a very traditional Burmese salad. This salad is made of fermented tea leaves with cloves of garlic, tomatoes, peanuts, grilled sesame and dried shrimp.
  • Aung pin: a mixture of various shellfish and crustaceans.
  • Shan Noodles: These are wheat or rice noodles with grilled chicken and peanuts. This dish is very common in Myanmar.
  • Mohinga: This is the Burmese national dish. Delicious fish soup with vermicelli, accompanied by coriander, ginger, eggs, onions, lemongrass and peppers. It is a dish raised but delicious, test it!
  • Fried noodles: fried noodles with vegetables and a fried egg.
  • Kakatik: fish in sauce.
  • Ohn no khaukswe: noodles with chicken and coconut sauce
  • Seikhtar hin: mutton curry
  • Sanwin-ma-kin: egg cakes, semolina and coconut.

Before leaving
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PASSPORT & VISA
  • In order to enter the Burmese territory, you must be provided with a valid passport and still valid for 6 months from your date of entry into Burma. Your passport must have at least three blank pages.
  • The visa is mandatory to return to Burmese lands for French, Belgian and Swiss nationals (for other nationalities, do not hesitate to contact us for more information).
  • Burma no longer issues a tourist visa upon arrival at the airport, so you will have to apply either to the Burmese Embassy in Paris or on the Internet.
  • The embassy of Burma in Paris can issue you a tourist visa for a period of 28 consecutive days after study of your file (it must be complete if you want to get the visa for Myanmar).
  • Since September 2014, it is now possible to apply online (e-visa) on the website dedicated to the issuance of a Burmese visa. This procedure is valid for tourist visas (tourist visa, validity 28 days) or business (business visa, validity 70 days), and the period of instruction of the application is three days. The visa is then issued at the time of arrival, but entry into the territory must be made by air.
  • Since April 2018, an express procedure has been opened for tourist visas only. The visa has a duration of 28 days and is valid for 90 days. This procedure allows you to get the visa in 24 hours; the price is a little higher (US $ 56).
HEALTH AND VACCINES
  • No vaccination is required for Burma. Note that for travelers from countries where yellow fever is present, the vaccine is mandatory in this case.
  • However, some vaccinations are recommended: make sure you are up to date in your usual vaccinations (including diphtheria-tetanus-poliomyelitis (DTP), rubella, mumps and measles in children).
  • We strongly advise you to make an appointment with your doctor, or with a vaccination center, because in some cases the vaccine against hepatitis A may be recommended for a stay in Burma. Depending on the conditions of your stay, vaccinations against hepatitis B, rabies, Japanese encephalitis and typhoid can be advised by your doctor.
  • It is important to protect yourself from malaria, which is a disease transmitted by mosquitoes. For more information, do not hesitate to ask your doctor for advice. Make sure you do not forget about anti-snake repellents for your comfort.
  • We also advise you to provide a small pharmacy kit with some basic products, this will be very useful in case of first aid.
CLIMATE
  • Myanmar lives to the rhythm of 3 seasons:
  • From June to October, the monsoon season where you will find permanent rains in Rangoon throughout the months of July and August. It is at this time that the Burmese coast can experience cyclones, so we advise you not to travel at this time, despite the fact that the center of the country is drier.
  • The season from November to February is the best time to travel to the heart of Myanmar. Indeed, it is a dry season, always sunny without the temperatures being excessive.
  • The months of March, April and May define the hot season, temperatures can sometimes climb beyond 40 °. In Bagan and Mandalay, it is sometimes very difficult to withstand the heat, which is why there are many fewer tourists and hotels are cheaper at this time compared to the rest of the year.
  • Note however that whatever the time of the year, it can snow above 3 800 m altitude.
INSURANCE
 
All travelers have the obligation to take out an insurance policy for their trip before participating in our tours. In order to cope with hospitalization costs and sometimes very high health expenses abroad, it is highly recommended to have an assistance contract or insurance to cover all medical expenses (surgery, hospitalization ...) and medical repatriation, at the risk of not having access to care, including in the event of a vital emergency. These costs can not be supported by the embassy or consulates general of France on the spot.
 
MONEY 
 
Be sure to ask your bank about the use of your credit card and the fees for using it. Travel options exist, so consider traveling at no extra cost.
 
ELECTRICITY 
 
The voltage is 220 volts, the same as in France, but you can find plugs of different models. Take a universal adapter with you. Also know that in Burma power cuts are quite common, so remember to bring a flashlight.

On the spot
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THE NATIONAL CURRENCY: the kyat (MMK)
  • Kyat is the official currency in Burma.
  • Note that only new, untainted, undisclosed and unfolded tickets will be accepted for change in the local currency.
  • This currency only gathers notes and no coins. You can find tickets for 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5,000 and 10,000.
  • The current exchange rate is 1 EUR = 1,700 MMK (and 1 USD = 1,470 MMK).
PHONE 
  • To call Burma from France dial 00 95 + city code (without the 0) + number of the correspondent.
  • To call France from Burma, dial 00 33 + number of the correspondent (without the 0).
BANKS
  • You will find many vending machines in the big cities but also in small towns and sites frequented by tourists. Many banks and exchange offices will be at your disposal to allow you to change your euros without problem.
  • Withdrawals are capped at a certain amount, in Burma it is 300 000 kyat (about 300 euros).
  • However, plan enough cash on you and avoid the number of withdrawals too frequently, as you will be charged a commission (on the spot as well as by your bank).
INTERNET 
  • You will find an internet connection very easily in cybercafés, airports, shops, hotels and restaurants.
  • It is true that Internet connections are growing in Burma, but they are still of mediocre quality.
  • In the countryside, the connection is more restricted, but almost all hotels have their own Internet connection (sometimes the connection is very slow), but it is always possible to stay connected during your trip.
  • Be sure to think about disabling your "Cellular Data" on your mobile abroad to avoid the bad surprise of the bill when you return to France.
  • If you want to stay connected, you can also buy a prepaid local sim card and buy one of the packages offered by many operators in Burma (Telenor, MPT, MC Tel, Oredoo). Be careful though, because you will not be able to receive your messages and calls on your usual number.
THE WATER 
  • Be very careful about the water you drink. Never drink tap water, always drink bottled water and check that it is properly capped. It is necessary to be vigilant also with ice cubes, consume exclusively cubic ice cubes or with a cylindrical hole form in the middle.
TRANSPORT ON SITE
  • The car: all the vehicles used for our tours are modern and air-conditioned vehicles, which range from the classic car to the bus for 45 people.
  • The boat: between small local boats or collective boats, you can easily make cruises on the Irrawady. You will also frequently take the boat when you are at Inle Lake.
  • Airplanes: Given the size of the country and the state of some roads, you can fly regularly during your trip. The different companies in Burma are: Yangon Airways, Air Bagan, Asia Wings. Note that sometimes you will face delays or cancellations of flights.
SOME TRANSLATIONS OF USEFUL WORDS
  • Hello / Good evening: Mingalarbar
  • Goodbye: Tat tar
  • Sorry: Ngar taung pan par deh
  • Welcome: Gyo so bar deh
  • Thanks (a lot): Jay zu tin bar deh
  • I do not understand: Ngar nar ma lae bou
  • Yes / No: Hoe tale / ma hoe bou
  • No thanks: My yu tot bou. Jay zu bae
  • Nothing: Ya bar deh
  • How much is it ? : Dar bé lao lè?
  • I would like to buy ... this, this one: Ngar ... wal chin deh

Attractions
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CULTURAL INFORMATION
 
Burmese scripture
Burmese music
Buddhism
The nats and esprist
Specific traditions
Religious buildings
 
WRITING BURMA

Burmese figures

Burmese alphabet

 

 

 

                                                         



THE BURMA MUSIC
 
Traditional Burmese music is largely a court music, inspired by Thai and Môn music. It has also been influenced by India, Cambodia and Indonesia.
A traditional Burmese ensemble consists of:
  • 7 to 10 musicians
  • A game of gongs (up to 21 games)
  • A 13-string harp shaped like a ship
  • A bamboo flute
  • A xylophone
  • An oboe
  • A lute in crocodile skin
  • A bass drum.
Generally, singers beat time with small cymbals and bamboo castanets.
In recent centuries, Burmese music has evolved in terms of the instruments used and in terms of musicality. Only one element persists: it is never written or recorded ...



Some have tried to write Burmese music using various scoring systems, but the majority of Burmese musicians remain attached to the traditional learning method: memorizing and playing by ear.
 
 
BUDDHISM
 
Myanmar is a country under the influence of Theravada Buddhism for almost 10 centuries. It is presented as the original Buddhism. It is based on the trilogy of the three jewels: the Buddha, the Dharma (the teachings of Buddhism) and the Sangha (the community of monks).
 
Like all Buddhists, the Burmese believe that all life is suffering. The practice of Buddhism is therefore aimed at trying to eliminate as much as possible the causes of suffering.
 
Present life is only the link in a chain. We come from other lives, and we will reincarnate in other lives, (Samsara) in an endless cycle of existence. The most traditional Buddhists in Myanmar believe that there are 31 stages of existence, inferior, human and superior:
  • Inferior: ghosts, animals, evil beings
  • Humans
  • Higher beings, celestial ... 
It will be said that all existence is determined by a Karma, but also by his previous lives: thus a child who likes to play with weapons has been a soldier in a previous life, or an animal that expresses emotions has been a human in an earlier life. He became an animal as a result of bad karma. This is one of the reasons why Buddhists never kill animals and be vegetarians. The goal is to escape this endless cycle and reach a higher state, calm and serene, a state of peace (inner): Nirvana after which there is no more rebirth. To achieve this, one must accumulate actions of charity (Dana), morality (Sila), and serenity (Bhavana). It will accumulate more easily charitable actions, which is why donations to the pagoda are so numerous in Burma.


NATES AND SPIRITS
 
Nats are spirits: those of known people, brutally dead. The causes of their death explain their future existence. They wander down here in a disembodied form and are everywhere.
 
The cult of nats aims to appease the wandering souls of those killed. A sanctuary, called "house of spirits" is often created to fix them to a place and end their wanderings and attract their favor. Once settled, the nat becomes a protector of its region, and the object of a cult on the part of the inhabitants to repel the bad fate: offering of flowers, food, clothes and periodic festivals (nat pwè).
 
Buddhism and the worship of nats coexist today. Buddhism takes care of future lives and nats the concerns of everyday life. A wrong action can be corrected by offerings to Thag Yamin who holds the book of good deeds (a book with gold leaf) and the book of bad deeds (a book of dog skin). The student will make his offerings to Thurathati, the nat in charge of the study.
 
Mahagiri, "the lord of the great mountain in the house" (nat of the house) is one of the oldest and most revered. It is often represented by a big coconut covered with a red turban. Most Nats own sanctuaries in the Payas, which are honored on pilgrimages or during the full moon.

The Nats Pwè are noisy ceremonies during which the Nats are evoked. They can be incarnated during the party through a Nat-gadaw, medium often female or disguised as a woman.
 
SPECIAL TRADITIONS

Thanaka
 
While walking in Myanmar, you will come across Burmese wearing yellow makeup, sometimes roughly applied on the face and arms, sometimes with pretty patterns drawn on the cheeks. This natural product, called "thanaka", has been particularly appreciated by Burmese for decades for its "beautifying" and medical properties.

It comes from the bark of the tree of the same name found mainly in northern Myanmar. This bark is so fragrant and soothing that it serves as a basic beauty product for Burmese women and children. The bark is rubbed on a large round stone with a few drops of water to obtain a yellow paste that is then applied to the body.
 
Thanaka bark is used as a beauty product, applied in a very precise and refined way on the cheeks, the forehead and the nose. It is also used to cool off and protect the skin from the sun. In some areas, thanaka leaves are used as a cure for epilepsy.
 
 
Betel
 
Betel is very popular with Burmese people. It comes from betel nut or arrack. The Burmese chew the betel, or crush it into small pieces and then wrap it in a betel leaf with lime and sometimes tobacco. Taking betel provides a certain well-being and helps to reduce hunger. Betel consumers are easily recognizable by their dark red teeth and are usually very damaged by lime.


RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS
 
Paya: Diminutive pagoda. Site associated with a religion.
Stupa or zedi (Burmese name): is a solid bell-shaped structure, which usually contains Buddha relics and blessed holy objects. He is crowned by an umbrella (or hti). The stacking of hti indicates the number of steps to reach nirvana. The stupa-zedi is a sacred place, symbolic projection of the iconic mountain, Mount Meru, which is supposed to be the center of the world. This center also represents the tree of life and the axis of the world that binds heaven and earth.


Patho (temples) are square or rectangular buildings usually surmounted by a honeycomb-shaped decorative structure called Sikhara.




TEMPLES OF BAGAN
 
Places of more than 2200 Buddhist monuments (10,000 at its peak) on nearly 50 km², Bagan is the most tourist place of Burma. Notably known for its balloons flying over the pagodas.

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PAGODE SULE
 
The pagoda, located in the center of the country's economic capital, Yangon, is said to be more than 2500 years old. It is important in the politics of the country because often chosen for the demonstrations.

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TEMPLES OF ANANDA
 
This magnificent temple, whose architecture is influenced by the Hindu one, was built around 1100 AD. It is known for its perfect size as well as these statues of four Buddhas, each directed to a cardinal point.

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MONT POPA
 
On an ancient volcanic chimney, in the middle of a plain, is the Taung Kalat monastery, place of pilgrimage of the Burmese. Indeed, the temple is said to be inhabited by the 37 Nats of the country (kind of spirit of pre-Buddhism or animism). In addition, the many rivers of the mountain and ancient volcanic ash have allowed the flora and fauna to grow in the surrounding area. You will have the opportunity to see monkeys.


STUPA ROYAL OF MINGUN
 
This building, considered the largest brick building in the world, was started in 1790 by King Bodawpaya. Nevertheless, this one was never finished following the saying of an astrologer prophesying the death of the king when the construction would be finished. The king also made a huge bell, the largest in the world, of more than 90 tons.

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PAGODE HSINBYUME
 
Not far from Mingun is the Hsinbyume pagoda. It was in 1816 that King Bagyidaw built it in the name of his consort, who died giving birth to his child. His model is modeled on the description of Mount Meru, a mythological place of Buddhist, Jain and Hindu religions, the cosmic energies center of this world.

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GOLDEN ROCK

At more than 1100 meters above sea level, on a cliff, stands a rock covered with gold leaf and adorned with a small pagoda. The legend says that he wants thanks to a hair of Buddha as it seems impossible that he does not fall. It is therefore a high place of worship for Burmese Buddhists.

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INLE LAKE
 
Places appreciated by tourists, you can enjoy the beautiful scenery while making a ride in traditional dugout canoes, then you can enjoy the fish of the lake during a delicious meal.

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CAVES OF HPO WIN
 
In a complex of nearly 950 caves, most of which are dug by man, you will be able to observe about 2600 Buddha statues in addition to numerous murals. They are dated in the 14th and 18th century.


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PAGODE SHWEDAGON
 
The Shwedagon Pagoda is the main place of worship in Burma because it contains the relics of four ancient Buddha, including 8 hair of the original Buddha. The pagoda is covered with gold and contains a bell of more than 24 tons. Nevertheless, like many historical sites in Burma, it was damaged by earthquakes or looted by the Portuguese and the British.

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