Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka

Description Sri Lanka

26-09-2019 1.595 Views
At the evocation of Sri Lanka, this remote island of the spice route formerly known as Ceylon, images emerge immediately: shades of green rice paddies and spice gardens, foam of the foam at the edge of the beaches planted with coconut trees, green tea plantations waving on the mountainside, mysterious ancient cities engulfed by the jungle, fervent crowds of temples of Sri Lanka, hieratic serenity of the reclining Buddha statues, hilarious antics of groups of monkeys ...
 
Add cinnamon, precious stones, rare woods, vestiges of the British Empire, elephants, tropical moistures and the freshness of the mountainous areas without forgetting the frescoes of the seductive ladies of Sigiriya ... and it is at once the Sinhalese fairyland who pops out of his magic box ...
 
Admittedly, the terrible images of the civil war and those of the 2004 tsunami do not fade away overnight. But for both Sri Lankans and travelers, the page is turned. An air of renewal now blows all over the island until reaching the Jaffna peninsula, to the exotic Tamil culture.
 
With these priceless testimonies of the splendor of the past, which has been cleared of their vegetable gangue, the phoenix Sri Lanka is finally reborn from the ashes. The Sri Lankans have been smiling again and are welcoming visitors from all over the world with incredible warmth.

Great tour of Sri Lanka

Visit everything to return without regret!
Opportunity to discover Sri Lankan culture through religion, spices, tea and gardens Visit many original monuments: temples with an exciting history, cities with a rich architectural heritage Visiting Sri Lankan wildlife Incredible landscapes
  • Sri Lanka
  • 16 Days 15 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

THE LIGHT OF ASIA

Culture shines like a lighthouse in the dark
Opportunity to discover Sri Lankan culture (tea, cinnamon, religion ...) Visit to the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage Discovery of Sigiriya Fortress, truly emblematic of Sri Lanka Incredible scenery, stay at the beach
  • Sri Lanka
  • 9 Days 8 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

RESPLENDENT ISLAND

she did not steal her nickname "Pearl of the Indian Ocean"!
Opportunity to discover Sri Lankan culture through its religion, spices, tea, gardens. Visit many original monuments: temples with fascinating history, cities with a rich architectural heritage Discovery of Sri Lankan fauna Incredible landscapes
  • Sri Lanka
  • 11 Days 10 Nights
  • Adventure

Paradise on earth

The azure ocean as you have never seen it
Opportunity to discover Sri Lankan culture through its religion, spices, tea, gardens Visit many original monuments: temples with fascinating history, cities with a rich architectural heritage Discovery of Sri Lankan fauna: turtles, elephants, leopards, birds... Incredible landscapes
  • Sri Lanka
  • 7 Days 6 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

COMBINED SRI LANKA AND MALDIVES

To finish in beauty
Opportunity to discover Sri Lankan culture through its religion, spices, tea, gardens Visit many original monuments: temples with fascinating history, cities with a rich architectural heritage Discovery of Sri Lankan fauna Incredible landscapes
  • Sri Lanka
  • 11 Days 10 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

The authentic Sri Lanka

Authenticity, there is only that true
Opportunity to discover Sri Lankan culture through its religion, spices, tea, gardens. Visit many original monuments: temples with fascinating history, cities with a rich architectural heritage. Discovery of Sri Lankan fauna: turtles, elephants, leopards, birds ... Incredible landscapes
  • Sri Lanka
  • 10 Days 9 Nights
  • Classic & cultural
Culture
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POPULATION
 
Sinhalese (75%)
Tamil (15%) in the North (native or from South India)
Moor (7%) on the coast (former Arab traders, name given in reference to the Moors of Andalusia)

 
RELIGION
 
Theravada Buddhism (70%).
Hinduism (12%) among Tamils.
Sunni Islam (8%) among the Moors.
Catholic Christianity (6%) related to colonization.

 
CUSTOM
 
Religion occupies a very important place in Sri Lanka, especially for Buddhists.
Sri Lanka is dotted with holy places, temple and ruins (for example, the city of Anuradhapura is a place of pilgrimage).
You never turn your back on a statue of Buddha.
We never point a finger at a Buddha statue
Sri Lankans being very modest, try to dress accordingly.
In holy places: no shoe or headgear, leg and shoulder covered. There is also a color code according to religion: white for Buddhism and black for Hinduism each representing purity.
Like the Indians, Sri Lankans nod their head to affirm something. Indeed, unlike us, swinging your head from right to left means "yes".
Sri Lanka has three types of dance: Kandyan, Sabaragamuva and Pahatharata. Their differences can be seen in the types of movements.


FOOD 
 
Sri Lankans mainly eat rice and curry. It's not just about chicken. Indeed, it can very well be done with fish, vegetables or fruits.
Sri Lankan cuisine is known to be the most spicy in the world because of an excessive use of hot peppers. But fortunately for travelers, peppers are always "apart", so we can avoid them.
Sri Lanka is also known as the country of origin of "true" cinnamon and is the largest exporter.
He is also the fourth largest tea producer in the world. We have the opportunity to walk and admire beautiful green tea fields on the hillsides.
 
Here are some Sri Lankan specialties:
  • Meals: rice and curry very often accompanied by sambals (pepper condiment)
  • Roti: traditional flatbread made from wheat flour.
  • Kottu Roti: mix of sauteed vegetables and bread (roti). You can add eggs, meat or even cheese.
  • Appa: crêpe of fermented rice flour and coconut milk with spices. Variations can be found with eggs or milk.
  • Kiribath: rice cooked in salted coconut milk. More often prepared for special occasions like birthdays or religious holidays.
  • Lamprais: rice, meatballs, meat and aubergine curry and chilli, all in a banana leaf and baked. This dish comes from the influence of European settlers. It is more often prepared for many meals because of its rather long preparation time.
  • Kool: seafood broth such as crab, fish, cuttlefish, shrimps or crayfish. Beans, cassava and spinach are added.
  • Kokis: fried cake made from rice flour and coconut milk,
  • Kiri Toffee: caramel made of sweetened condensed milk with cinnamon.
  • Kalu Dodol: caramel made from milk of coconut, rice flour and sugar.
  • Pushnambu: cake made of wheat flour, coconut milk and cinnamon.
  • Faluda: drink mix of rose syrup, basil seed, milk, ice and pieces of jelly.
  • Toddy: alcohol made from palm sap.

Before leaving
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PASSPORT & VISA
 
In order to visit Sri Lanka, you need a valid passport. It must be valid for this 6 months after the date of return.
Regarding VISA, the ETA (Electronic Travel Authorization) is mandatory and must be obtained before boarding via the following website: www.eta.gov.lk, in order to avoid any waiting at the airport.
Once the request is made, the registration is done directly on the passport number. You will obtain a 30-day authorization on Sri Lankan territory. The cost of this authorization is 35 USD.
Before leaving, we advise you to photocopy all important documents such as passports, airline tickets, driving licenses ... This can be very useful in case of loss of documents.


HEALTH and VACCINES
 
In terms of health, no vaccine is required to visit Sri Lanka, however, it should be up to date in conventional vaccinations (such as: diphtheria, tetanus, typhoid, polio, meningitis, fever typhoid, hepatitis).
However, it is strongly recommended to get vaccinated against Hepatitis A, typhoid fever if the stay is of long duration but also Encephalitis if you intend to travel in rural areas.
Do not hesitate to provide a small pharmacy kit with some basic products, it will be very useful in case of first aid.
Also remember to take protective measures against mosquito bites.
Namely: The most common reported infection is hepatitis A which can be transmitted through food but also by water. Hepatitis B is spread by blood and saliva. The most common health problems among travelers are digestive problems and diarrhea, which can be treated by avoiding spicy dishes and drinking plenty of water.

 
CLIMATE
 
The climate in Sri Lanka is tropical, hot and humid during monsoon periods. The rest of the year, it is hot and dry.
The average temperature varies between 20 and 35 degrees, Sri Lanka is characterized by 3 seasons that you have to know in order to adapt your trip. There is a dry season as well as monsoons, one big and one small. The rains are determined by the latter:
 
The big monsoon that corresponds to that of the Southwest it lasts on average 4 months, from May to August.
The little monsoon that takes place from October to January in the North-East of the country.
The dry season runs from December to March where rains are scarce and this is the best time to visit the country.
So, when it rains on the West Coast, prefer to orient your trip to the East Coast and vice versa.


INSURANCE
 
All travelers are required to take out an insurance policy for their trip before participating in our tours. It is strongly recommended that you take out insurance and bring the copy with you. The country lacks infrastructure outside major cities, repatriation or medical transportation can be complicated and very expensive.

 
MONEY
 
Be sure to ask your bank about the use of your credit card and the fees for using it. Travel options exist, so consider traveling at no extra cost.

 
ADAPTER
 
The electric current is 220 volts and the plugs are identical to the French plugs before European standardization but some hotels use British plugs, we still recommend you to bring an adapter with you.

On the spot
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NATIONAL CURRENCY
 
The currency used in Sri Lanka is the Sri Lankan rupee.
It is important to know that it is impossible to change the Sri Lankan currency outside the country. To do this, it is necessary to change money when arriving on the spot.
You can change your currency in exchange offices located in major cities, at airports, or in banks.
You also have the option of withdrawing money from distributors.
Some traders accept dollars but we advise you to pay in Sri Lankan foreign currency, which will be more profitable for you.
Namely: distributors are present in major cities so think about having the necessary money before leaving.
The current exchange rate is: 1 USD = 181.43 LKR

 
PHONE 
 
To call Sri Lanka from France, dial 00 94 + number of the correspondent (without the 0).
To call France from Sri Lanka, dial 00 33 + number of the correspondent (without the 0).
A practical and economical solution, if you want to use your mobile phone during your stay in Sri Lanka, is to buy a local prepaid SIM card, it will cost you less and you will always have news of your loved ones.

 
INTERNET
 
You will find an internet connection very easily in cybercafés, airports, shops, hotels and restaurants.
In contrast, in the countryside, the connection is a little more restricted, but almost all hotels have their own Internet connection, so it is always possible to stay connected during your trip.

 
THE WATER 
 
Be very careful about the water you drink. Never drink tap water, always drink bottled water and check that it is properly capped. It is necessary to be vigilant also with the ice cubes, to consume exclusively cubic ice cubes or with a form of cylindrical hole in the middle.

 
TRANSPORT ON SITE
 
Once there, you can choose between different modes of transport:
 
The car: all the vehicles used for our tours are modern and air-conditioned vehicles, which range from the classic car to the bus for 45 people.
The train: The Sri Lankan railway covers about 1,500 kilometers. There, the train is an excellent means of transport to discover sumptuous landscapes. The train journey in the center of the country from Kandy to Ella is considered one of the most beautiful in the world.

 
A FEW USEFUL VOCABULARY WORDS
 
The languages spoken in Sri Lanka are Sinhalese (spoken by about 75% of the population) as well as Tamil (spoken by 25% of the population). Learning these languages is difficult, however we present you some words of vocabulary:
 
In Sinhalese:
  • Hello: Ayubowan
  • Good evening: Suba rathiyak way va
  • My name: Magae nama
  • I do not understand: Mata thayrennay nehe
  • Sorry: Samaāva
  • Thank you very much: Bohoma istout
  • Goodbye: Ayubowan
  • Yes / No: Ovou / Néhé
  • How much does it cost ? : Eekka keeyada?
In Tamil:
  • Hello: Halō
  • My name: Eṉ peyar
  • I do not understand: Eṉakku puriyavillai
  • Sorry: Maṉṉippu
  • Thank you very much: Mikavum naṉṟi
  • Goodbye: Kuṭpai
  • Yes / No: Ām / Illai
  • How much does it cost ? : Evvaḷavu celavākum?

Photographer: Oliver Sjöström, https://ollivves.com 

Attractions
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KANDY
 

Kandy was the capital of the kingdom of Kandy. It is registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. Located 500 meters above sea level in a valley with lush vegetation, it is considered the religious capital of Sri Lanka and a sacred place in Buddhism. It shelters indeed, an important relic: the tooth of Buddha in the temple of the same name. It also has one of the most beautiful botanical gardens in the world: Peradeniya, known for its many orchids, spices and medicinal plants. In short, a destination not to be missed!
 

ADAM’S PEAK
 

Kết quả hình ảnh cho adam's peak

 

The 2,200-meter-high mountain in the southwest of the island within Ratnapura District, named Adam's Peak, is known for having a rocky cavity at its summit, similar to a footprint of not. According to the Buddhists, this would be Buddha's. While for Hindus, this would be proof of the passage of one of the triumvirate gods on earth: Shiva or Vishnu. Finally, according to the Muslims, this would be Adam's footprint (hence the name of the mountain) when he fell from the Gardens of Eden. Every year this mountain attracts many pilgrims and hikers who get on with their ascent. Once at the top you can admire, as a reward, a breathtaking landscape!

SIGIRIYA


Sigiriya, Sri Lanka, Dambulla, Mountain, Unesco
 

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "Sigiriya"  Résultat de recherche d'images pour "Sigiriya"


Sigiriya or "Lion Rock", located in the center of the country, is the site of a former royal palace built on a rock culminating at nearly 370 meters in height. It is towards the end of the 5th century that Kassapa, an illegitimate son who fomented a coup against his father, makes of this place the capital. Indeed, the height of the walls as well as the thick surrounding jungle gives birth to a natural fortress, perfect to protect itself. He built canals to carry water and soon it is available to the top of the rock, feeding the pool of the king and the baths of the nobles. Gardens and basins bloom rapidly in the surroundings, at the same time as imposing walls. It is a very important archeological site of Sri Lanka and there too, gives the opportunity to observe a wonderful view at its summit. This site is classified in the world inheritance of Unesco.

DAMBULLA

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Dambulla Kết quả hình ảnh cho Dambulla

 

Located in the center of Sri Lanka, north of the city of Kandy, Dambulla contains more than 150 Buddha statues and 2100 square meters of mural painting. The city is known to be a holy place appreciated by monks for meditation and prayer. Its numerous temples are cut in the cliff or built in the caves of the large underground complex of the region. Of the 24 temples, only 5 are visitable by tourists. One can also find the golden temple of the Buddha. A dig site and ancient murals have demonstrated the presence of natives in the area long before the arrival of Indians or Buddhism. Like what, Dambulla has always been successful.
 

GALLE
 

File:GALLE FORT SRI LANKA JAN 2013 (8580286004).jpg  Kết quả hình ảnh cho galle sri lanka


Galle, located on the southwest coast of the island, is known for hosting the largest fortress built by Europeans in Asia. Indeed, initially colonized by the Portuguese around the sixteenth century who made it their trading port, it is really around the eighteenth century, under Dutch rule, that the city is developed with several bastions and canals to make a real gem of the Dutch East India Company that will supply cinnamon to Europe. It will then go under English rule towards the XIXth century where its development will continue within the British Raj. One can thus admire many European constructions like its lighthouse or its Dutch Reformed church. Moreover, one can notice in the local culture, in particular the food, a strong European influence, in particular Portuguese.
 

ANURADHAPURA
 


Anuradhapura is the ancient capital of a kingdom that existed from 380 BCE in the 11th century AD. It was founded by King Devanampiya Tissa and was therefore inhabited for nearly 2400 years. This city, with an area of 7,179 km2, is located in the North Central Province. It is now surrounded by monasteries and is considered a holy place in Theravada Buddhism. It is also classified as Unesco World Heritage. In the Sri Lankan civil war between Buddhist Sinhalese and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Island, an organization fighting for the creation of an independent state, it served as a base for Sinhalese.

POLONNARUWA
 

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Polonnaruwa


Polonnaruwa, located not far from Dambulla in the center of Sri Lanka, was the capital of the kingdom of the same name having succeeded that of Anuradhapra. Following the invasion of the Chola Dynasty in the Kingdom of Anuradhapura, King Vijayabahu I made the choice to move the capital there. The city covers 120 hectares and is known for its magnificent ruins, religious remains, royal monuments and its population of Macaque toque.
 

YALA
 

The Yala Nature Reserve is located in the Uva region of southern Sri Lanka which is the second most populated. It is one of the largest reserves in the country and one of the first to be set up. It attracts a lot of people every year and is home to many species of animals: Sri Lankan elephants, monkeys, marsh and marine crocodiles, snakes such as Indian cobra or Russel viper, buffaloes but also, the famous and majestic leopard of Sri Lanka! In total, the reserve is home to 44 mammal species and more than 210 bird species that you can observe and hear singing.


UDA WALAWE
 

This national park is located in the south of the country, in the province of Sabaragamuwa, near that of Uva. In this reserve you will see elephants in their natural environment, it is probably the best place to observe them. It is also home to deer, crocodile, coyote, buffalo and several dozens of bird species, especially near the Walawe River.

 

SINHARAJA
 

This forest reserve is a very humid tropical forest located in the south, in the province of Sabaragumuwa, and covers an area of about 60.90 km2. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1989. Despite its dense vegetation, it is possible to come across animal species such as leopards, monkeys, reptiles such as vipers and many endemic species. birds
 

TEA FIELDS
 


Sri Lanka being the second largest exporter of tea in the world, it is interesting to visit and discover its sumptuous fields. You will enjoy a beautiful landscape of plantation and vegetation as far as the eye can see. The best known are those located in the center of the country in the mountainous areas between the cities of Kandy and Ella. With 2000 hectares of fields at about 2000 meters above sea level, it is a must step when visiting the country!


 

HORTON PLAINS

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "Horton plains"


Not far from Nuwara Elya, south of Kandy, is a park named Horton Plains. Located in the highlands of the country, at around 2200 meters above sea level, this protected park is known for its beautiful hikes to enjoy the landscapes and flora. The highlight of this park is called World's End. This place is one of the points of interest of the park, the others being waterfalls, temples and a botanical garden. Indeed, the path stops to leave room for emptiness. A cliff 700 meters high, located on a tip of the plateau, where we can see the southern part of the island.
 

TRAIN
 

http://a1travels.lk/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/sri-lanka-train-tours.jpg


In recent years, the government has been busy building or renovating railway lines. In addition to the "infrastructure" aspect, Sri Lankan trains allow you to fully enjoy the beautiful green landscapes of the country. So, a train trip became a "must" on a trip there. Something to do and you will not regret! We recommend two routes: Kandy-Badulla (the most beautiful train ride in the world, according to the Routard) and Colombo in Galle to enjoy the beaches.
 

BENTOTA

Located on the east coast of Sri Lanka, about 60 km from Colombo the capital of the country, this seaside resort includes several nautical activities such as scuba diving that allows you to observe the sumptuous seabed of the country, Jet Ski, canoe , paddle, surf ... Or simply idleness where you can enjoy this moment to rest on its wonderful white sand beaches Sri Lankan.
 
In addition to these nautical activities, you can visit the temple of Galapota, a Buddhist temple that was destroyed in the sixteenth century and subsequently rebuilt or the market of Aluthgama to taste the local flavors.
 
We also recommend taking a walk along the Bentota River Ganga to admire a slew of javaux and discover a magnificent fauna and flora.

 

JAFFNA
 


Jaffna is the second largest city in the country. It is located in northern Sri Lanka where the people are mostly Tamil, Hindu. You will be able to visit the most celebrated religious monument of Jaffna, Nallur Kandaswamy which is called Kovil in Tamil. It is a temple dedicated to the god of the Hindu war, Murugan who is according to legend, the son of Shiva and Pârvatî. If you come during the holidays of July / August, you will meet many faithful come to adore the latter. The Jaffna Library is also a cult place in the city. It was burned in 1981 by Sinhalese, reducing to ashes irreplaceable Tamil books and manuscripts and stirring up already strong tensions. Some consider it to be the triggering event of the civil war. Rebuilt identically, the library can today be visited. The civil war kept Jaffna away from modernization. Here we find a typical Sri Lankan city where cars are scarce. The city is famous for its varieties of mangoes as tasty as each other but also its many bazaars.

POYA


Résultat de recherche d'images pour "moon cake"


Poya is the name given on the full moon day in Sri Lanka and more generally in Southeast Asia. In the Buddhist religion, this day corresponds to an event of Buddha's life. One day of Poya, or "Moon Festival" is a Sri Lankan holiday taking place every full moons, about once a month. We can then attend the closing of the stores and banks since temple prayer is recommended. In addition, Buddhism strongly encourages people to neither eat meat nor drink alcohol. Moon cakes made from lotus seeds and eggs are then made. Each Poya is unique and is commemorated for a specific reason.


VESAK
 

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "Vesak"


Among Buddhists, the first full moon of the new year, following the lunar calendar, is named Vesak Poya, the most important of all lunar festivals, celebrating Buddha's birthday. It was on this day that Buddha was born, on this day that Buddha found enlightenment and also on this day that he died. It is therefore a religious festival coupled with a festival, called festival of lights. Thus, you will have the opportunity to see the city decorated with many paper lanterns, the temples are crammed with worshipers and food is distributed to passersby.

PERAHERA
 

Fichier:Elephants of Kandy Esala Perahera.jpg


The Perahero Poya or "Feast of the Tooth" is a unique religious holiday in Kandy, the religious capital of Sri Lanka. Indeed, the city where the "tooth" of Buddha is set up, every year between July and August a procession of caparisoned elephants and dancers through the city, at night, And this, every night for 10 days. The goal is to pay homage to the relic and the Buddha.

SHIVARATRI
 

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "Maha Shivaratri"


The Shivaratri is a Hindu religious festival in honor of the marriage between the god of destruction Shiva and Parvati. It consists of prayer, meditation, fasting, songs and dances in honor of the god. During this holiday, it is necessary to be able to show virtues such as honesty or temperance, to forgive and not to hurt others. With a little luck, you'll be able to observe one of the statues being soaked in milk and honey before being painted in red, representing purity.

DIWALI
 

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "diwali"

As Vesak is the festival of enlightenment among Buddhists, Diwali is in the Hindu world. Thus, this religious feast observed between September and October according to the Christian calendar celebrates Rama's victory over Ravana: "The victory of good over evil, light over darkness, knowledge about ignorance". It is a very popular Hindu festival which is celebrated throughout the country and which lasts 5 days during which we will light candles, decorate the houses of lamps and garlands of light, fireworks and offer themselves gifts. devotees practice purification rituals, while members of other faiths are also invited to participate in the festivities.


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