Cambodia
Cambodia

Description Cambodia

07-05-2020 2.683 Views

Cambodia is a round shaped country, located in east of Thailand, west of Vietnam and south of Laos. Cambodia is crossed from north to south by the Mekong and is lucky to benefit from the river Tonle Sap, which also crosses the country. Namely that during the rainy season, the Mekong overflows its bed and invades the surrounding area.

Cambodia, a country tormented by wars for centuries, remains a destination with a great paradox between the beauty of its historic monuments, its temples left behind by successive empires, the horror of conflicts and torture. As you can see, Cambodia has a strong history. It is through the terror of the Khmer Rouge that the country’s identity was forged and that the most beautiful monuments and temples of Indochina appeared. Since Cambodia’s independence in 1953, the country has greatly eased tensions and has thus taken advantage to open up to tourism. This is an area that continues to grow today and is of increasing interest to travellers as it is a colourful and authentic destination.

When you hear about Cambodia, you think first of the Angkor site, don’t you? Internationally known for its temples, this archaeological site is the guarantor of the power of the Khmer empire. If it is as well known worldwide, it is because it represents an immense monument of history. Angkor was the capital of the Khmer empire from the 9th to the 15th century.

Cambodia will never cease to amaze you! If you are looking for a destination to discover other cultures and civilizations, this country will certainly satisfy you! Cambodia is an endearing and authentic country thanks to its charming people and its important history.

Have a nice trip to Cambodia !

FROM PHNOM PENH TO ANGKOR – LONG

Cultural wealth from Cambodia
Boat cruise under sunset at the confluence of Tonle Sap and Mekong. Discovery of Angkor Thom site. Visit of pre-Angkorian temples. Excursion to the Banteay Temple Srei-la "City of Women".
  • Cambodia
  • 7 Days 6 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

FROM PHNOM PENH TO ANGKOR - MEDIUM

Discover the most beautiful Cambodian sites
Discovery of the traditional Cambodian cultures. Observation of river dolphins on the banks of the Mekong Delta. Visit of the Angkorian Vat Nokor temple. Exploration of the Sambor Prei Kuk site.
  • Cambodia
  • 5 Days 4 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

FROM PHNOM PENH TO ANGKOR - SHORT

The must-see sites of Cambodia
Boat cruise under sunset. Discovery of Angkor Thom sites. Visit of floating villages on Tonle Sap Lake. Excursion to the center of the silk.
  • Cambodia
  • 4 Days 3 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

PANORAMA OF CAMBODIA

Cambodia in all its splendor
Boat cruise under sunset at the confluence of Tonle Sap and Mekong. Discovery of traditional Cambodian life. Exploration of the archaeological site of Sambor Prei Kuk - Visit of the preangkorian temples of Roluos. Excursion to Tonle Sap Lake to discover floating villages.
  • Cambodia
  • 8 Days 7 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

FROM KRATIE TO SIEM REAP

Discover the traditional Cambodian cultures
Discovery of the traditional Cambodian cultures. Observation of river dolphins on the banks of the Mekong Delta. Visit of the Angkorian Vat Nokor temple. Exploration of the Sambor Prei Kuk site.
  • Cambodia
  • 3 Days 2 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

FROM KEP TO SIHANOUKVILLE - LONG

Between cultural visits and relaxation at the beach
Enjoy panoramic views of the rice fields. Rest at the edge of the beautiful beaches of Sihanoukville
  • Cambodia
  • 5 Days 4 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

FROM KEP TO SIHANOUKVILLE - SHORT

Between ancient temples and rippling sea
Discovery of Tonle Bati Lake. Climb to the top of Phnom Chisor Hill.
  • Cambodia
  • 4 Days 3 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

FROM BATTAMBANG TO SIEM REAP

An excursion to the heart of Cambodian life
Boat trip in a floating village. Visit of the sanctuaries of Phnom Banon Hill. Discovery of ancestral fishing techniques. Crossing of the Tonle Sap Lake.
  • Cambodia
  • 3 Days 2 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

IN THE HEART OF CAMBODIA

The cultural gems of Cambodia
Visit of Vat Phnom pagoda. Boat cruise under sunset. Boat trip in a floating village. Excursion to the center of the silk. Visit of the famous temples of Angkor.
  • Cambodia
  • 8 Days 7 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

ACROSS THE LAKE TONLE SAP

A trip over the water
Discover the typical landscapes of the Cambodian countryside. Visit the shrines of Phnom Banon Hill. Boat tour. Discovery of floating villages and traditional fishing techniques.
  • Cambodia
  • 3 Days 2 Nights
  • Over the water

ANGKOR - LONG

Discover Angkor, from ancient times to today
Discovery of Angkor Thom temples and Barays. Excursion to the temple of Banteay Srei- the "City of Women". Excursion to Tonlé Sap Lake to discover floating villages. Visit of Beng Mealea Temple. Visit of the Silk Centre Farm (if possible).
  • Cambodia
  • 6 Days 5 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

ANGKOR - MEDIUM

A dive into the history of the famous site of Angkor
Visit of the famous Angkor Wat temple. Visit of the pre-Angkorian temples dating from the 9th century and the large basins, the Barays. Excursion to the temple of Banteay Srei- the "City of Women". Visit of Baray Oriental sites built by Rajendravarman. Discover floating villages on Tonlé Sap Lake.
  • Cambodia
  • 4 Days 3 Nights
  • Classic & cultural

ANGKOR - SHORT

The most spectacular touristic sites in Cambodia
Discovery of the temple of Angkor Wat. Visit of the pre-Angkorian temples dating from the 9th century. Visit of the large basins, the Barays. Discover floating villages on Tonlé Sap Lake.
  • Cambodia
  • 3 Days 2 Nights
  • Classic & cultural
Culture
07-05-2020 2.683 Views
CUSTOMS :

For Cambodians, one must remain modest on his way to dress, indeed, the tourists who will walk shirtless in public places will be very badly seen. When visiting temples, remember to cover yourself well, from the shoulders to the knee.

In temples, by pass Buddha from the left, counter-clockwise. Do not sit back to the Buddha and do not point his feet in his direction. In no case should a woman touch a monk, otherwise he would lose all his acquired merits.

Remember to take off your shoes when entering a temple or home.

It is strongly not advised to touch the head of a Cambodian; in Europe, touching someone’s head can be seen as a friendly gesture, on the other hand, this is not at all the case in Cambodia, it is for them a gesture that is very badly perceived.

In Cambodia, it is very badly perceived to contradict someone, so pay attention to what you can say and answer.

Cambodian culture is discovered through its gastronomy and festivities. It is precisely during the holiday periods that the Khmers unveil their traditional colors rhythmed by traditional instruments such as the roneat or the large xylophones and the chapeis, which are large curved guitars characterizing the Khmer community.

THE FOOD :

Cambodian cuisine mixes different influences from Vietnam, Thailand, Laos and China. There are, however, some dishes of Cambodia’s own. A traditional Cambodian meal will always include a soup or samla that will be enjoyed at the same time as the other meals. Basic foods in Cambodia are: soup, rice and vegetables.

Samla Machou Banle is a very popular fish soup that has a slight sour taste; a less spicy version of the traditional sour-sweet soup in Thailand. There are other soups such as Samla Chapek (pork soup with ginger), Samla machou bangkang (shrimp soup) or Samla ktis (fish soup with coconut milk and pineapple). Cambodian salads are very common and greatly differ from traditional cold salads in Europe. For example, you can find Phlea sach ko: it is a salad of beef and vegetables, fragrant with coriander and mint leaves and lemongrass. Don’t miss the popular rice noodles, coconut sauce (Khao Phoun). As in most Bouddhist countries, vegetarian cuisine is widespread in Cambodia.

Beer is a very popular drink in Cambodia. The main local brand is the Angkor Beer, produced inm collaboration with an Australian company in Sihanoukville. The «Angkor Stout» is the only brown beer in the country. You will also find other well-known beer brands in the main restaurants of the major cities as well as in tourist attractions, such as the Tiger Beer, the Heineken or the San Miguel.

As for the fruits, it is the paradise of the tropics: papayas, jacquiers, coconut, mangoostans (brown-purple shell with very fragrant milky white fruit), dragon fruit (fuchsia pink skin with strange petals, light grey tangy flesh, dotted with tiny black seeds) with little pronounced taste, and of course the durians! Not to mention, the mangoes are, shall we say, totally exquisite because they do not have the same taste as elsewhere.

Before leaving
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PASSPORT & VISA :
  • In order to enter Cambodian territory, you must be provided with a valid passport, valid for 6 months after the date of return. Your passport must contain at least one full blank page.
  • Visitors entering Cambodia by plane will be able to obtain their tourist visa very quickly and easily. It will be issued upon arrival at Siem Reap Airport or Phnom Penh for a period of 30 days. Provide a photo ID and 35 USD (it is impossible, to date, to pay in euros, so plan many dollars).
  • Before leaving, we advise you to photocopy all important documents (passport, electronic equipment invoices, insurance policy, plane tickets, driving license ...).
  • For information, if you travel previously to Vietnam or Laos, and you arrive in Cambodia by road, you should obtain your visa before crossing the border, because no border crossing Cambodian will be able to provide visas.
HEALTH & VACCINES :
 
  • No vaccinations are required to visit Cambodia, however, we advise you to be up to date in all your classic vaccinations (diphtheria, tetanus, typhoid, poliomyelitis, meningitis, typhoid fever, hepatitis).
  • Some people recommend getting vaccinated against hepatitis A and B and Japanese encephalitis especially if you go to rural areas during the monsoon season. To find out if these vaccinations are relevant to you, make an appointment at a vaccination center.
  • It is important to protect yourself from malaria, which is a disease transmitted by mosquitoes. For more information, do not hesitate to ask your doctor for advice. Make sure you do not forget about anti-snake repellents for your comfort.
  • Do not hesitate to provide a small pharmacy kit with some basic products, it will be very useful in case of first aid.
  • Namely: The most common reported infection is hepatitis A that can be transmitted through food and water. Hepatitis B is spread through blood and saliva. The most common health problems among travelers are digestive problems and diarrhea, which can be treated by avoiding spicy dishes and drinking plenty of water.

 CLIMATE :
 
  • There are two very distinct seasons in Cambodia: a winter season, also called the north-east monsoon (from November to March) which translates into a dry and mild weather, and a summer season, also called southwest monsoon (April to October) which is a hot and humid season.
  • With regard to the temperatures, from November to February the average temperature is about 27 ° C whereas in summer, from June to September, the thermometer can quickly rise above 35 ° C. You'll understand, whatever the time of the year, do not forget sunscreen and hat!
  • Rainfall is scarce in December, January and February, which is why the most favorable months of the year to visit Cambodia are the months of January and February.
  • The city of Angkor and its famous temples, located in the north-west of the country, is best visited during the dry season, from November to March. During this period, the rate of sunshine is very high and the rains are scarce
  • Note that the month of April can be a very good alternative to enjoy a pleasant climate in Cambodia, although it is still a little rainy. This is one of the best times to go to Cambodia avoiding the tourist crowds and enjoying more attractive rates.
 
INSURANCE : 

All travelers are required to take out an insurance policy for their trip before participating in our tours. There are international standard care cells in Phnom Penh, the country clearly lacks infrastructure and equipment in cases of serious illness or injury. We also advise you to have your health insurance and repatriation insurance.

MONEY : 

Be sure to ask your bank about the use of your credit card and the fees for using it. Travel options exist, so consider traveling at no extra cost!

ELECTRICITY :

There are plugs with a 220-volt electrical system in Cambodia, but we advise you to bring with you a universal adapter because the plugs can be of British type in some places.
 
    
 
On the spot
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LA NATIONAL CURRENCY :  riel (KHR).
  • ATMs can be found in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.
  • In the capital, you will realize that it is possible to use your Visa or Master credit card in hotels and restaurants.
  • However, the euro is very little recognized, so we advise you to bring with you cash dollars, where you can change them during your trip in the country.
  • If you have traveler's checks, we advise you to change them in the banks because few hotels or businesses are able to do it.
  • The current exchange rate is 1 USD = 4 100 KHR.
BANK : 

You will find many vending machines in the big cities but also in small towns and sites frequented by tourists.

WATER : 
  • Be very careful about the water you drink. Never drink tap water, always drink bottled water and check that it is properly capped. It is necessary to be vigilant also with the ice cubes, to consume exclusively cubic ice cubes or with a form of cylindrical hole in the middle.
TRANSPORT ON SITE : 
  • Once there, you can choose between different modes of transport:
  • The car: all the vehicles used for our tours are modern and air-conditioned vehicles, which range from the classic car to the bus for 45 people.
  • The boat: Local boats with 12 to 24 seats are used for cruises on the Mekong River.
  • Airplanes: There is an internal line operated by Cambodia Angkor Air which provides daily connections between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap, as well as between Sihanoukville and Siem Reap.
  • The train: A railway line connects the South to the North-West of the country, from Sihanoukville to Poipet, passing by Kampot, Takeo, Phnom Penh, Pursat, Battambang and Sisophon.
     
SOMES USEFUL VOCABULARY WORDS : 
  • Hello : souo sadaï
  • Goodbye : léa haï
  • Thank you : or koun
  • Sorry : somto
  • yes : baat (for men) ou chaah (for women)
  • No : tè
  • How much ? : ponman ?
  • please : som
  • My name… : khniom tchmo…
 
 
Attractions
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Cambodia, it is Phnom Penh, a capital full of charm and history, it is also the North-East and its very beautiful countryside landscapes, its vestiges that go from the pre-Angkorian era, like Vat Nokor, to the colonial era… and it is also, of course, Angkor, the hallucinating spectacle, «dream of stone arose there in the heart of the rainforest» that assails it; incessant combat of men with nature to save the testimony the Khmer peoples’ genius. Cambodia it is also a people that has suffered a lot and whose serenity is matched only by the kindness they show to foreign visitors.

THE ATTRACTIONS

Phnom Penh

Sihanoukville

Angkor

Tonle Sap Lake

Battambang

Kratie

PHNOM PENH

The city occupies a strategic geographical position, since it is located at the point of convergence of 3 rivers: the Mekong, the Bassac and the Tonle Sap. Once a bustling trading center during the French occupation, Phnom Penh is now Cambodia’s new political and financial center. Its rich historical past of Khmer and French influences is visible in many temples and colonial buildings of all kinds.
 

 
The visits :

Silver Pagoda: the Silver Pagoda, also known as the Emerald Buddha Pagoda, thanks to the statue there, was created by King Norodom in 1892. The ground of this pagoda has the particularity of being composed of more than 5,000 blocks of silver, weighing in total nearly 6 tons!

The National Museum: the National Museum, built in the Khmer style in the 1920s, houses an impressive collection of Khmer statues and art objects. One of the most remarkable pieces of this exhibition is a bronze statue dating from the 6th century and depicting the Hindu god Vishnu.

Tuol Sleng Museum (Genocide Museum): this museum is a testimony to the human tragedy that Cambodia experienced in its recent past. This building was originally a school, and was transformed from 1975 into a place of detention and torture by the Khmer Rouge. From this building, then called «S-21», the victims (children and adults) were transported outside the city to be executed at the Killer Fields.

Wat Phnom: it was there that a monastery was founded by a rich lady named Penh in 1372, after she discovered 4 statues of Buddha in the trunk of a tree on the banks of the Mekong. The hill ("Phnom") on which the monastery is located is the only hill in the capital.

The Independence Monument: this monument was built to commemorate those who died during the Cambodia War, following the acquisition of independence from France in 1953. It was erected in 1958 in the style of the Angkor monuments, and is decorated with 100 snake heads. The best time to admire this monument is at the end of the afternoon, where the sunset light causes shadows highlighting the fine architectural details, and gives orange tones to all the structures.

The Central Market: built in 1937 by the French, it is the largest market in Phnom Penh. It houses incredible amounts of souvenirs, decorative items, jewelry and goods of all kinds.

The Royal Palace: quite recent, this palace was inaugurated in 1870 by King Norodom I. Khmer-inspired, it was built by Khmer and French architects. The site covers an area of 16 hectares. Several buildings are forbidden to the public. The Silver Pagoda is probably the most visited site inside.

The Night Market (Phsar Reatrey): the new night market in Phnom Penh, located near the banks of the river, is a touristic place offering a wide range of handicrafts from Cambodia such as silks, trinkets and other souvenirs. The atmosphere is completely relaxed and perfectly suited to any type of audience. In this market, local products manufactured using traditional methods can be found.

SIHANOUKVILLE

Sihanoukville in Cambodia is above all very clean white sandy beaches, clear ocean and palm trees at 4h from Phnom Penh the capital.

A seaside stop before or after the discovery of the Kingdom of Cambodia, with shaded beaches equipped for rest, relaxation and farniente. These beaches slowly enter the ocean with transparent blue waters, unpolluted of trash or other waste. Sun loungers and umbrellas (not for a fee), many huts in huts and small restaurants that serve fresh fish, complete these beaches little known of the great tourism and only occupied on weekends by the inhabitants of Phnom Penh. Several hotels of all categories will provide you with quality accommodation. It is an ideal place for relaxation and safe swimming!

ANGKOR

The Khmer Empire extended over a period of about 600 years, and this civilization reached its zenith at the beginning of the 12th century with the construction of Angkor Wat. The founding kings of this empire from the 9th century on considered themselves as Devaraia (or God-King) with divine powers. This involved the creation of ever larger temples dedicated to the worship of the Khmer kings. One of the oldest structures that can be visited today is that of the Rouluos, east of Siem Reap. There, a reservoir (or baray) was built by King Indravarman, and he established there the temple of Preah Ko. The son of this king preferred to build a temple on a nearby hill, today known as Phnom Bakheng. This hill, which bears the same name as the temple there, is nowadays a favorite site for visitors who want to admire the dense tropical vegetation and the temple of Angkor Wat when the sun goes down.

The visits :

Angkor Wat: the formidable set of Angkor temples was rediscovered by the French anthropologist Henri Mouhot in 1,860 when he accidentally fell on the ruins of Angkor Thom, the former Khmer capital, during one of his expeditions. Among the 400 temples that make up this complex, the most famous and best preserved is that of Angkor Wat.

Angkor Thom: Angkor Thom is the royal city built by the Buddhist king Jayavarman VII.

The Bayon: the main temple of this City is popular for its columns adorned with more than 200 smiling Buddha faces. The faces look in all directions, which gives a mysterious atmosphere.

Terrace of the leprous king: it is one of the many mysteries of Angkor. This terrace owes its name to a small asexual statue that is thought to be the statue of King Yasovarman who died of leprosy. But the other explanation is that this statue would represent Yama, the god of the dead, and the terrace would actually be a royal crematorium. On the side of the terrace is a narrow and long trench and a quantity of superb and well preserved sculptures, representing Apsaras, geniuses and monsters, quantity of divinities, surprising freshness and beauty. This very long corridor has been completely restored, and each sculpture dismantled and replaced on the new walls.

Elephant Terrace: built in the early 13th century, this terrace on the edge of the Jayavarman VII Royal Palace is 350 m long. It was certainly built to attend the performances on the main square. Elephants carved on part of the walls (and recently restored) gave their name to the place (to be seen in the morning preferably).

Ta Prohm: a Buddhist temple invaded by the roots of trees, very well known by photographers, it is a place full of serenity.

Phnom Bakeng: 1st state temple built in Angkor, it is an ideal viewpoint to admire the sunset all over the site.

Kbal Spean: this wonderfully preserved 10th century temple is the most enchanting in Angkor! It is a jewel carved in pink sandstone that changes color according to the sunlight. Several very well preserved pavilions on the facades are finely carved with a multitude of floral motifs and scenes from Hindu mythology. The archaeologist Maurice Glaise describes it as "the prettiest of Khmer temples" (it was also made famous by the flight of an 800 kg lintel by André Malraux...). Named "the citadel of women", it is entirely decorated with reliefs of surprising perfection. You can admire the carvings of the door lintels and their magnificent details.

Prasat Kravan: dedicated to the god Vishnu, this temple was built in 921 and restored about forty years ago. Built entirely of clay bricks, it is famous for its many representations of the god Vishnu. The northern towers are decorated with bas reliefs depicting the goddess Lakshmi, the wife of Vishnu.

The Eastern Baray: monumental water tank, the Eastern Baray was built around 900 BC during the reign of King Yasovarman. It is the 2nd largest Baray of the Angkor site, measuring 7,150 m long and 1,740 m wide, it could contain 50 million cubic meters of water.

The Western Baray: the largest of all the Barays of the site, it is 8 km long and 2.1 km wide.

TONLE SAP LAKE

For those who love a deep discovery of a country, the route of Lake Tonle Sap, as well as a boat trip to meet the floating fishing villages, are essential visits in the same way as the temples.

It is one of the places where we find ourselves as close as possible to Cambodian life and in contact with their everyday reality. Here, all life takes place around the water. Very fishy, fisherman’s paradise, it shelters lake villages since the dawn of time. A large part of the goods arrive by the lake and this is the lung of Siem Reap, because the main roads to reach the other cities are in too bad condition. It is the largest lake in Cambodia and its "foster mother". On Lake Tonle Sap there is also an important ornithological reserve, with among the many birds pelicans, storks and big marabouts.

BATTAMBANG

Battambang is the 2nd city of the country, located in the province of the same name, very close to the border with Thailand. Legend has it that a giant threw his club in order to kill his rival, but he fell back on the site and created the Battambang region, meaning «lose the stick». A statue of this giant can still be admired at the entrance to the city. The city was greatly influenced by the arrival of the French, who built the city centre that we know today. Battambang has become a centre of trade in the region and is also a cultural mosaic, bringing together many different ethnic groups and nationalities.

The visits :

Wat Ek Phnom: built in the 11th century during the reign of Suryavarman I, the temple is famous for its well-carved lintels and pediments. Buried in the lush vegetation of the surrounding area, the site is a popular destination for nature getaways and for pilgrims, especially during religious celebrations.

Wat Sla Ket: the pagoda was the former Khmer residence of the Venerable Buddhist clergy.

The Great Market (Psar Nat): in the center of the city, the market will reveal, from the early morning, all the local life with the merchants of the surrounding villages gathering to sell their goods.

The regional museum: opened in 1968, the museum houses a beautiful collection of archaeological finds made in the region.

Wat Sangker Gate: located on the east bank of the Sangker River, the gate is all that remains of an ancient Angkorian temple. A relic of the past in the heart of the city!

KRATIE

A small town in eastern Cambodia, Kratie is best known as the ancient city of Chenla royalty. You will appreciate this charming city whose rich history is still present in the streets of today. The French, who are at the origin of the current name of the city, have also left their mark in the architecture of the city. In the surrounding area, the many villages, typical of the region, add to the special charm of the small city.

The visits :

The surrounding villages: a serene and relaxing setting around the city, you can fully admire the typical landscapes of the Cambodian countryside.

River dolphins: probably one of the most awaited rendezvous of travelers, you may have the opportunity to observe this rare species on the banks of the Mekong.

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