Nepal
Nepal
Before leaving
21-09-2023 5.808 Views
PASSPORT & VISA
  • Multiple-entry tourist visas can be obtained at the Embassy of Nepal in Paris, online (http://www.nepalimmigration.gov.np) or on arrival at Kathmandu airport (bring two photographs ID).
  • Visa fees on arrival must be paid in cash. Euros, Swiss francs, pounds sterling, as well as US, Canadian and Australian dollars are among others accepted. Please note, however, that you can not pay these visa fees by credit card, Nepali and Indian currencies.
  • The durations and tariffs of the visas are the following ones:
    • 15 days: 25 USD
    • 30 days: 40 USD
    • 90 days: 100 USD
  • Travelers must have a passport valid for more than 6 months from the date of entry to Nepal, and blank pages to affix the visa.
  • Before leaving, we advise you to photocopy all important documents (passport, electronic equipment invoices, insurance policy, plane tickets, driving license ...). A very practical tip in case of loss of your papers or valuables!
HEALTH and VACCINES
  • We recommend that you consult your general practitioner or an international vaccination center to make an assessment of your state of health, to analyze the health risks and to benefit from health recommendations, especially about the vaccinations necessary or recommended.
  • It is generally recommended to be up to date in its usual vaccinations: diphtheria-tetanus-poliomyelitis (DTP), and rubella-mumps-measles (MMR) in addition to the child.
  • Depending on the local conditions of your trip, your doctor / vaccination center may advise you to get vaccinated against typhoid fever and viral hepatitis A and B, as well as bacterial meningitis, and possibly rabies and Japanese encephalitis. 
  • In the Himalayas, most trek routes involve several days in high altitude, where mountain sickness can hit. Mountain sickness can be benign or deadly. Get informed and learn to recognize its symptoms: altitude sickness can be manifested by breathing (shortness of breath) and / or neurological disorders (headache, nausea, vomiting, sleep disturbance) that can occur in excess of 3,000 meters of altitude. At a later stage, these manifestations may worsen and sometimes lead to death. Identifying the symptoms of mountain sickness can be difficult: it is essential to communicate permanently, without restriction, on one's physical state. In addition, the capacity of reflection and action of a victim of acute mountain sickness can be altered: it is then necessary, as far as possible, force this person to go back down. As soon as a serious case is suspected, the immediate descent as low as possible (and at least below 4,000 m) is imperative. Anyone, regardless of their physical condition, may be affected by mountain sickness. Gradual adaptation to high altitude is necessary to prevent this risk. The prevention of mountain sickness is based on essential rules:
    • follow a slow and gradual climb rather than taking medication to avoid acute mountain sickness (no more than 400 m of elevation gain between two consecutive nights from 2500 m) and stay hydrated
    • in case of symptoms of mountain sickness, stop climbing
    • if the symptoms persist or worsen, go back down, even at night
    • never leave alone a sick comrade.
  • Protect yourself from mosquitoes by using suitable repellents, and wearing coveralls at night and in the evening.
  • Also protect yourself against tick bites and insects, to avoid getting typhus brush that is a bacterial disease transmitted by mite bites (ticks or chiggers) present especially in the bushy areas.
  • Do not hesitate to provide a small pharmacy kit with some basic products, it will be very useful in case of first aid. Never consume drugs bought on the street (risk of counterfeiting).
CLIMATE
  • In Nepal the climate varies mainly according to the altitude: it goes from the subtropical climate with a rainy season in the southern plains band (the Terai), the moderate climate in the low mountains, and the freezing climate in the Himalayas .
  • Precipitation is abundant in the summer monsoon period (June to early October), which however penetrates with difficulty in some interior valleys and in the northern slopes. On the southern slopes, at equal altitude the east of the country is rainier than the west.
  • Temperatures in the Terai (the southern plains area of ​​Nepal) oscillate between 10 and 28 degrees from November to March, and between 20 and 38 degrees the other months. In June comes the summer monsoon, characterized by abundant rains. She retired in mid-October.
  • Above 800/1000 meters (in the cities of Kathmandu and Pokhara for example), the climate becomes temperate, while the rains remain the same. Temperatures range between 10 and 24 degrees from November to March, and between 17 and 30 degrees from April to October.
  • Climbing still higher, the temperature and the precipitation vary not only according to the height, but also the exposure of the slopes. However, as most mountains in Nepal are located on the southern slope, the climate is relatively mild, even at high altitudes. For example, in Jumla, which is 2,300 meters above sea level, temperatures range between -5 and 19 degrees from November to March, between 4 and 24 degrees in April, May and October, and between 12 and 26 degrees in June. September.
  • In general, the average January temperature drops to the freezing point at about 3,000 meters. Above 3,600 meters, you enter the area where the climate is subarctic, ie where the temperature of the hottest month does not exceed 10 ° C. The eternal snow in Nepal is at very high altitudes, around 6,000 meters.
  • The best time to visit Nepal in its entirety is from November to February, to avoid the summer monsoon, but also the heat of the plains that is felt from March to October.
  • To visit Kathmandu and especially for trekking in the mountains, you can prefer the half-seasons, especially in March and April, and from mid-October to mid-November, namely the periods during which you can avoid both the winter cold and the mud caused by the summer rains. The second period, autumn, is the best, because it is the driest and the air is particularly clear, allowing you to see the snow-capped mountains in the distance.
  • If you want to hike in a snowy landscape, you must go in winter above 3,000 meters (but being a dry season, it is not said that in a given period it snows). Sometimes, around this altitude, it can snow in spring and autumn. To be sure of seeing the snow, you have to go to the Everest or Annapurna base camp, which however require days of trekking to get there.
INSURANCE
 
All travelers have the obligation to take out an insurance policy for their trip before participating in our tours. In order to cope with hospitalization costs and sometimes very high health expenses abroad, it is highly recommended to have an assistance contract or insurance to cover all medical expenses (surgery, hospitalization ...) and medical repatriation, at the risk of not having access to care, including in the event of a vital emergency. These costs can not be supported by the embassy or consulates general of France on the spot.
 
MONEY
 
Be sure to ask your bank about the use of your credit card and the fees for using it. Travel options exist, so consider traveling at no extra cost.
 
ELECTRICITY
 
The voltage and frequency in Nepal are the same as in France (230 V, 50 Hz). So you can use all your devices. Electrical outlets may be type C, D or M. You do not normally need an adapter.

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